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11-μm emissivities and droplet radii for marine stratocumulus

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dc.creator Luo, Gang
dc.creator Lin, Xijian
dc.creator Coakley, James A.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-03-29T23:11:44Z
dc.date.available 2010-03-29T23:11:44Z
dc.date.issued 1994
dc.identifier.citation Luo, G., Lin, X. , and Coakley, J. A. Jr. , 1994, 11-μm emissivities and droplet radii for marine stratocumulus: Jour. Geophys. Res., v. 99, p. 3685 - 3698. en
dc.identifier.issn 0148-0227
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/15113
dc.description.abstract The results of a new multispectral infrared retrieval scheme for obtaining fractional cloud cover and 11-μm emissivity are compared with those of the spatial coherence method which obtains fractional cloud cover assuming that the clouds are opaque at infrared wavelengths. Both methods are applied to 4-km NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer global area coverage data for 250-km-scale regions containing single-layered marine stratocumulus off the coast of South America. The average 11-μm emissivity for low-level clouds is found to be between 0.70 and 0.85. The low emissivity is evidently due to the thinning of clouds at their edges. Semitransparent cloud edges evidently make up a substantial portion of the area covered by such clouds. This result indicates that cloud cover obtained using the spatial coherence method is underestimated by 0.1 to 0.2, as has been claimed in a previous study. The fractional cloud cover for the ensemble of 250-km-scale regions studied here increased slightly from 0.60 for daytime observations to 0.63 for nighttime observations. The 11-μm emissivity also increased slightly, but about half of the increase was related to the increase in cloud cover and a decrease in the relative area covered by cloud edge material. Presumably, the other half was due to an increase in cloud liquid water. Cloud height showed no significant change. The average effective droplet radius increased from 9.3 μm for daytime observations to 10.2 μm at night. en
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation through grant ATM-8912669 and through grants from the Office of Naval Research and the Western regional office of the National Institute for Global Environmental Change. The NASA ERBE provided the V-5 data which made this study possible. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union en
dc.title 11-μm emissivities and droplet radii for marine stratocumulus en
dc.type Article en

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