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Wildlife Encounters by Lewis and Clark: A Spatial Analysis of Interactions between Native Americans and Wildlife

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dc.creator Laliberte, Andrea S.
dc.creator Ripple, William J.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-07-27T17:37:05Z
dc.date.available 2011-07-27T17:37:05Z
dc.date.issued 2003-10
dc.identifier.citation Laliberte, Andrea S.; Ripple, William J. (2003, October). Wildlife Encounters by Lewis and Clark: A Spatial Analysis of Interactions between Native Americans and Wildlife. BioScience, 53 (10), 994-1003. DOI: 10.1641/0006-3568(2003)053[0994:WEBLAC]2.0.CO;2 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/22134
dc.description.abstract The Lewis and Clark journals contain some of the earliest and most detailed written descriptions of a large part of the United States before Euro-American settlement.We used the journal entries to assess the influence of humans on wildlife distribution and abundance. Areas with denser human population, such as the Columbia Basin and the Pacific Coast, had lower species diversity and a lower abundance of large mammals. The opposite effect was observed on the Plains.We believe that overhunting before Euro-American contact and the introduction of the horse, which heightened the effects of hunting, may have been major contributors to the historical absence of some species that are present in the archaeological record. The results show considerable human influence on wildlife even under relatively low human population densities. This finding has major implications for conservation biology and ecological restoration, as human influence is often underestimated when considering presettlement conditions. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Oregon State University Richardson Family Fellowship en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Institute of Biological Sciences en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries BioScience en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Vol. 53 (2003) en_US
dc.subject Historical ecology en_US
dc.subject Lewis and Clark en_US
dc.subject Wildlife distribution en_US
dc.subject Buffer zones en_US
dc.subject Predation en_US
dc.title Wildlife Encounters by Lewis and Clark: A Spatial Analysis of Interactions between Native Americans and Wildlife en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.peerreview yes en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1641/0006-3568(2003)053[0994:WEBLAC]2.0.CO;2


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