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Browsing Faculty Research Publications (College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences) by Title

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Browsing Faculty Research Publications (College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences) by Title

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  • Lyman, John M.; Chelton, Dudley B.; deSzoeke, Roland A.; Samelso, Roger M. (American Meteorological Society, 2005-02)
    To understand the characteristics of sea surface height signatures of tropical instability waves (TIWs), a linearized model of the central Pacific Ocean was developed in which the vertical structures of the state variabl ...
  • Shakun, Jeremy D.; Shaman, Jeffrey (2009)
    The origin of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), the leading mode of sea surface temperature variability for the North Pacific, is a matter of considerable debate. One paradigm views the PDO as an independent mode ...
  • Carr, E.S.; Harwood, R.S.; Mote, Philip W.; Peckham, G.E.; Suttie, R.A.; Lahoz, W.A.; O'Neill, A.; Froidevaux, L.; Jarnot, R.F.; Read, W.G.; Waters, J.W.; Swinbank, R. (American Geophysical Union, 1995-03-15)
    The lower stratospheric variability of equatorial water vapor, measured by the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), follows an annual cycle modulated by the quasi-biennial oscillation. At levels higher in the stratosphere, wate ...
  • Fueglistaler, S.; Desller, A.E.; Dunkerton, T.J.; Folkins, I.; Fu, Q.; Mote, Philip W. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-02-17)
    Observations of temperature, winds, and atmospheric trace gases suggest that the transition from troposphere to stratosphere occurs in a layer, rather than at a sharp ‘‘tropopause.’’ In the tropics, this layer is often c ...
  • Nash, Jonathan D.; Peters, Hartmut; Kelly, Samuel M.; Pelegri, Josep L.; Emelianov, Mikhail; Gasser, Marc (American Geophysical Union, 2012-09-28)
    Intensive sampling of the deep Mediterranean outflow 70 km W of the Strait of Gibraltar reveals a strong, tidally modulated gravity current embedded with large-amplitude oscillations and energetic turbulence. The flow ap ...
  • Moum, J. N.; Hebert, D.; Paulson, C. A.; Caldwell, D. R. (American Meteorological Society, 1992-11)
    High correlations between turbulent dissipation rates and high-wavenumber internal waves and the high values of turbulent dissipation associated with internal wave activity suggest that internal waves are the main direct ...
  • Hebert, D.; Moum, J. N.; Paulson, C. A.; Caldwell, D. R. (American Meteorological Society, 1992-11)
    In the low Richardson number shear flow above the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent, a single vertical microstructure profile intersected the overturning crest of a packet of high horizontal wavenumber waves. The observed ...
  • Smyth, W. D.; Winters, K. B. (American Meteorological Society, 2003-04)
    Motivated by the tendency of high-Prandtl-number fluids to form sharp density interfaces, the authors investigate the evolution of Holmboe waves in a stratified shear flow through direct numerical simulation. Like their ...
  • Skyllingstad, Eric D.; Denbo, Donald W. (American Geophysical Union, 2001-02-15)
    The importance of leads, sea ice motion, and frazil ice on the wintertime ocean Boundary layer was examined by using a large-eddy simulation turbulence model coupled to a thermodynamic slab ice model. Coupling was achi ...
  • Caldwell, D. R.; Lien, R-C.; Moum, J. N.; Gregg, M. C. (American Meteorological Society, 1997-06)
    See article for abstract.
  • Kimura, Satoshi; Smyth, William; Kunze, Eric (American Meteorological Society, 2011-06)
    Direct numerical simulations (DNS) of a shear layer with salt-fingering-favorable stratification have been performed for different Richardson numbers Ri and density ratios R[subscript]p. In the absence of shear (Ri = oo ...
  • Mahrt, L.; Richardson, Scott; Seaman, Nelson; Stauffer, David (Royal Meteorological Society, 2012-07)
    Turbulence quantities are analyzed from nine months of data collected on the floor of a valley where nocturnal cold pools are frequent. Often the speed of the vector-averaged wind over the night is less than 0.5 m s−1 (n ...
  • Foster, D. L.; Beach, R. A.; Holman, Robert A. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-04-27)
    Field observations of turbulence and sediment suspension in the nearshore wave bottom boundary layer obtained during the Duck94 field experiment on the North Caroline coast showed the generation of near-bed turbulence to ...
  • Sun, Jielun; Mahrt, Larry; Banta, Robert M.; Pichugina, Yelena L. (American Meteorological Society, 2012-01)
    An investigation of nocturnal intermittent turbulence during the Cooperative Atmosphere Surface Exchange Study in 1999 (CASES-99) revealed three turbulence regimes at each observation height: 1) regime 1, a weak turbulen ...
  • Lien, R.-C.; Caldwell, Douglas R.; Gregg, M.C.; Moum, James N. (American Geophysical Union, 1995-04-15)
    A 38-day, 5990-cast microstructure study on the equator performed during the onset of the 1991-1993 El Nino shows the effect on small-scale activity at 140°W of an equatorial Kelvin wave. By using two ships, data were ...
  • Shroyer, E. L. (American Meteorological Society, 2012-06)
    Pacific Water flows across the shallow Chukchi Sea before reaching the Arctic Ocean, where it is a source of heat, freshwater, nutrients, and carbon. A substantial portion of Pacific Water is routed through Barrow Canyon ...
  • Ralston, David K.; Geyer, W. Rockwell; Lerczak, James A.; Scully, Malcolm (American Geophysical Union, 2010)
    Turbulent mixing of salt is examined in a shallow salt wedge estuary with strong fluvial and tidal forcing. A numerical model of the Merrimack River estuary is used to quantify turbulent stress, shear production, and buo ...
  • Hales, Burke; Hebert, Dave; Marra, John (American Geophysical Union, 2009-05-13)
    We present observations from deployments of a microstructure turbulence instrument (the Towed Microstructure and Auxiliary Sensor Instrument) aboard a pumping profiling vehicle (the Lamont Pumping SeaSoar) towed behind ...
  • Fowler, D.; Unsworth, Michael H. (1979)
  • Hamlet, Alan F.; Mote, Philip W.; Clark, Martyn P.; Lettenmaier, Dennis P. (American Meteorological Society, 2007-04)
    A physically based hydrology model is used to produce time series for the period 1916–2003 of evapotranspiration (ET), runoff, and soil moisture (SM) over the western United States from which long-term trends are evaluat ...

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