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A Practitioner’s Handbook: Optimizing Conservation and Improving Mitigation Through the Use of Progressive Approaches

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dc.contributor American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Standing Committee on Environment en_US
dc.creator Environmental Law Institute
dc.creator Institute for Natural Resources
dc.creator NatureServe
dc.creator Resources for the Future
dc.creator Cambridge Systematics, Inc.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-10T17:40:59Z
dc.date.available 2012-05-10T17:40:59Z
dc.date.issued 2012-05-10
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/29095
dc.description The information contained in this report was prepared as part of NCHRP Project 25-25, Task 67, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board. SPECIAL NOTE: This report IS NOT an official publication of the National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, or The National Academies. en_US
dc.description.abstract When proposed for permitting under the terms of the Clean Water Act (CWA) §404 and Endangered Species Act (ESA) §7 and §10 programs, many transportation, infrastructure, and development projects would cause impacts to wetlands, streams, and the habitat of sensitive species. In these cases, state and regional transportation agencies work with Federal and state regulatory agencies to avoid and minimize adverse impacts to aquatic resources and habitat. After impacts to aquatic resources and habitat are avoided and minimized as much as possible, transportation agencies are commonly required to compensate for unavoidable impacts to these resources. Compensation, or compensatory mitigation, can be an important method of maintaining healthy, economically valuable ecosystems. In this handbook we provide an overarching view of the ecosystem and economic benefits and cost savings associated with progressive approaches to the Clean Water Act or Endangered Species Act compensatory mitigation and com-pare these benefits and savings to traditional mitigation approaches. We then highlight several empirical examples of transferable tools, models, and frame-works used for innovative compensatory mitigation in use throughout the United States. We highlight innovative tools, methods, and frameworks that focus on landscape or watershed analysis of ecosystem functions only, as well as progressive approaches that include the valuation of ecosystem services provided by compensatory mitigation. Finally, we lay out tangible steps for transportation agencies, policy-makers, and the research community to facilitate and implement progressive mitigation programs. More detailed information about some important technical terms are provided in call-out boxes throughout the handbook, and a glossary of terms is provided in Section 6. en_US
dc.subject Clean Water Act (CWA) en_US
dc.subject Endangered Species Act (ESA) en_US
dc.subject Conservation en_US
dc.subject Mitigation en_US
dc.title A Practitioner’s Handbook: Optimizing Conservation and Improving Mitigation Through the Use of Progressive Approaches en_US
dc.type Research Paper en_US
dc.description.peerreview yes en_US
dc.description.disclaimer The opinions and conclusions expressed or implied are those of the research agency that performed the research and are not necessarily those of the Transportation Research Board or its sponsors. The information contained in this document was taken directly from the submission of the author(s). This document is not a report of the Transportation Research Board or of the National Research Council. en_US


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