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Gender-Dependent Mechanisms of Alpha-Tocopherol Protection from Benzo[a]pyrene Exposure in Rats

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dc.creator Crimp, Caitlin A.
dc.creator Mustacich, Debbie J.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-30T23:52:57Z
dc.date.available 2012-05-30T23:52:57Z
dc.date.issued 2012-05-30
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/29467
dc.description Thesis poster fair presentation. en_US
dc.description.abstract Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including benzo[a]pyrene (BP), are environmental pollutants linked to increased disease susceptibilities. Alpha-Tocopherol (aT) supplementation decreases BP-DNA adducts in smokers, particularly women; but the mechanism is unknown. To test the hypothesis that aT protection from BP exposure is gender-dependent, male and female rats received 7 daily subcutaneous (SQ) injections of aT (100 mg aT/ kg body wt) or vehicle, followed by a single ip injection of BP (20 mg/kg, spiked with 3H-BP) on day 9. Urine and bile were collected pre- and post-BP. Plasma and tissues were collected 5 or 24 hr post-BP. aT supplementation increased aT levels in females greater than males. Compared to vehicle, aT supplementation increased total urinary and biliary excretion of BP and/or BP metabolites more than 2.5-fold in females, but decreased total BP and/or BP metabolite excretion in males (p<0.05). SQ aT prevented BP-induced increases in urine 8-isoprostanes (males) and decreased tissue malondialdehyde levels in a tissue- and gender-dependent manner. These data are the first to suggest that aT protection from BP exposure is gender-dependent and occurs by both antioxidant and non-antioxidant mechanisms. Further elucidation of the mechanism(s) of aT protection against PAHs may lead to the development of novel protective strategies for occupational PAH exposures. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NIEHS R21ES015872, NIEHS 3R21ES015872-02S1, HHMI and URISC awards. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Vitamin E en_US
dc.subject Alph-tocopherol en_US
dc.subject Xenobiotic en_US
dc.subject Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon en_US
dc.subject Benzo[a]pyrene en_US
dc.subject Gender en_US
dc.title Gender-Dependent Mechanisms of Alpha-Tocopherol Protection from Benzo[a]pyrene Exposure in Rats en_US
dc.type Poster en_US

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