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Competitive Altruism Explains Labor Exchange Variation in a Dominican Community

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dc.creator Macfarlan, Shane J.
dc.creator Remiker, Mark
dc.creator Quinlan, Robert
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-02T00:13:10Z
dc.date.available 2013-10-15T22:18:25Z
dc.date.issued 2012-02
dc.identifier.citation Macfarlan, S. J., Remiker, M., & Quinlan, R. (2012, February). Competitive altruism explains labor exchange variation in a Dominican community. Current Anthropology, 53(1), 118-124. doi:10.1086/663700 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/29554
dc.description This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by The University of Chicago Press and can be found at: http://www.press.uchicago.edu/ucp/journals/journal/ca.html. en_US
dc.description.abstract Smallholder farmers rely on labor exchange to generate agricultural work when cash is rare and credit unavailable. Reciprocal altruism, biased by genetic kinship, has been implicated as the mechanism responsible for labor exchange; however, few empirical tests confirm this proposition. Competitive altruism could be operating if people differ in ability and use this information as a criterion for partnership selection. Labor exchange data are presented from a Dominican smallholder village over a 10-month period within the village’s primary cash economic opportunity, bay oil production. Results indicate that competitive altruism better explains variation in labor exchange relationships and group size than reciprocal altruism and kinship, suggesting the presence of a biologic market for male exchange relationships. Bay oil laborers vary in altruistic behaviors, causing reputations for altruism to emerge. Men with reputations as high-quality altruists generate larger labor groups in bay oil production than do poor-quality ones. Larger groups induce bargaining wars, causing men to compete through altruistic acts, which allows high-quality individuals to discriminate potential partners for labor exchange relationships. Men with better reputations achieve more same-sex reciprocal partnerships but not a greater incidence of conjugal partnership, suggesting that male altruism is intra- but not intersexually selected. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Chicago Press en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Current Anthropology en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Vol. 53 no. 1 en_US
dc.title Competitive Altruism Explains Labor Exchange Variation in a Dominican Community en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1086/663700
dc.description.embargopolicy Repository Administrators en

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