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Assessing the phosphorus and potassium balances in Oregon's dairies

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dc.contributor.advisor French, Patrick D.
dc.creator Higgs, Kathryn N.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-03T19:17:18Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-03T19:17:18Z
dc.date.copyright 2003-09-12
dc.date.issued 2003-09-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/30501
dc.description Graduation date: 2004 en_US
dc.description.abstract A field study was conducted to assess phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) concentrations of both lactating and dry cow diets on Oregon's dairies. Thirty-seven dairy farms, located in western Oregon, were grouped according to geographic region, valley (V) or coast (C), and herd size, small (S) or large (L). Farms were visited on three separate occasions. During each visit, lactating and dry cow diets were recorded and corresponding feed ingredients were collected and analyzed for P and K. For each diet recorded, fecal and urine samples were collected and analyzed for P and K. When available, milk production data was obtained. During the initial visit, a survey was issued to producers to assess P and K knowledge as well as gather herd data and management information. Survey responses received indicated that two-thirds of participants were knowledgeable about P and its affects within the environment. Knowledge of K appeared to be less than that of P. Average P concentration of the lactating cow diet was 0.40% (DM basis) and did not differ between region (P=0.12) or herd size (P=0.76). Fecal P excretion did not differ between region (P=0.08) or herd size (P=0.27), however, a trend for larger fecal excretion in V farms contributed to the lower calculated apparent P digestibility for V than C. Potassium in lactating cow diet was greater (P=0.01) for C than V, however, but no difference between herd size (P=0.10) was determined. Overfeeding of K also occurred in dry cow diet with no difference between region (P=0.40) and herd size (P=0.72). Combining the fecal and urinary fractions, an individual lactating cow consuming 0.40% P (89.8 g) and 1.71% K (384.3 g) per day will excrete 24.0 kg of manure P and 76.3 kg of manure K annually. The magnitude of plant available P and K produced; requires Oregon producers to acquire additional land, an additional two-tenths ha/cow, to be to apply P and K at agronomic rates. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Dairy cattle -- Oregon -- Nutrition en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Phosphorus in animal nutrition -- Oregon en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Potassium in the body en_US
dc.title Assessing the phosphorus and potassium balances in Oregon's dairies en_US
dc.type Thesis/Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science (M.S.) in Animal Science en_US
dc.degree.level Master's en_US
dc.degree.discipline Agricultural Sciences en_US
dc.degree.grantor Oregon State University en_US
dc.description.digitization File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6770A in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR. en_US
dc.description.peerreview no en_us

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