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Readability of waiver of liability forms used in collegiate intramural and recreational sports programs

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dc.contributor.advisor Cardinal, Bradley J.
dc.creator White, Benjamin J.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-31T18:55:54Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-31T18:55:54Z
dc.date.copyright 2002-05-28
dc.date.issued 2002-05-28
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/31713
dc.description Graduation date: 2003 en_US
dc.description.abstract Properly written waiver of liability forms can be an effective tool in decreasing injury liability of intramural and recreational sports programs. In order for a waiver to be effective, (i.e., held up in court), participants must not only read and sign the waiver, but they must understand it as well. Readability, the ease of which text can be read and understood, is an important part of a well-written waiver. Waiver of liability forms should be written at a reading level consistent with that of the intended audience. On average, students read three grade levels below the last grade they completed in school. The highest grade level at which waiver of liability forms written for use in college settings should be the 9th grade. The main goal of this study was to assess the reading level of intramural and recreational sport waiver of liability forms, and compare them to the 9th grade level. Nine NIRSA member schools and nine non-NIRSA member schools from each of the six NIRSA regions were randomly selected for inclusion in this study. Following multiple mailings, the forms received were scanned into a computer, and readability was assessed using the Readability Calculation software (Micro Power & Light, Dallas, TX) for McIntosh. A one-sample t-test was performed to compare the forms to the 9th grade reading level. Forms were written significantly higher than the 9th grade level (t[26]=14.53, p<.0001). An analysis of variance was performed to assess possible moderating variables (e.g., NIRSA membership status and involvement of a risk management team in writing the waiver). No significant differences were found. Font size was also measured, and forms were found to have been written at a significantly higher level then the recommended 12 point font (t[28]=-2.88, p<.01). This study brings into questions the efficacy of waiver of liability forms used in many collegiate/university intramural and recreational sports programs in the U.S. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject.lcsh College sports -- Law and legislation -- United States en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Liability for sports accidents -- United States en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Intramural sports -- Law and legislation -- United States en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Waiver -- United States en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Readability (Literary style) en_US
dc.title Readability of waiver of liability forms used in collegiate intramural and recreational sports programs en_US
dc.type Thesis/Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science (M.S.) in Human Performance en_US
dc.degree.level Master's en_US
dc.degree.discipline Health and Human Sciences en_US
dc.degree.grantor Oregon State University en_US
dc.description.digitization File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR. en_US
dc.description.peerreview no en_us


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