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Clovis Age Western Stemmed Projectile Points and Human Coprolites at the Paisley Caves

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dc.creator Jenkins, Dennis L.
dc.creator Davis, Loren G.
dc.creator Stafford, Thomas W., Jr.
dc.creator Campos, Paula F.
dc.creator Hockett, Bryan
dc.creator Jones, George T.
dc.creator Cummings, Linda Scott
dc.creator Yost, Chad
dc.creator Connolly, Thomas J.
dc.creator Yohe, Robert M., II
dc.creator Gibbons, Summer C.
dc.creator Raghavan, Maanasa
dc.creator Rasmussen, Morten
dc.creator Paijmans, Johanna L. A.
dc.creator Hofreiter, Michael
dc.creator Kemp, Brian M.
dc.creator Barta, Jodi Lynn
dc.creator Monroe, Cara
dc.creator Gilbert, M. Thomas P.
dc.creator Willerslev, Eske
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-01T18:04:12Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-01T18:04:12Z
dc.date.issued 2012-07-13
dc.identifier.citation Jenkins, D. L., Davis, L. G., Stafford, J., Thomas W, Campos, P. F., Hockett, B., Jones, G. T., . . . . (2012). Clovis age western stemmed projectile points and human coprolites at the paisley caves. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6091), 223-228. doi: 10.1126/science.1218443 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/31761
dc.description This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by American Association for the Advancement of Science and can be found at: http://www.sciencemag.org/. To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. en_US
dc.description.abstract The Paisley Caves in Oregon record the oldest directly dated human remains (DNA) in the Western Hemisphere. More than 100 high-precision radiocarbon dates show that deposits containing artifacts and coprolites ranging in age from 12,450 to 2295 ¹⁴C years ago are well stratified. Western Stemmed projectile points were recovered in deposits dated to 11,070 to 11,340 ¹⁴C years ago, a time contemporaneous with or preceding the Clovis technology. There is no evidence of diagnostic Clovis technology at the site. These two distinct technologies were parallel developments, not the product of a unilinear technological evolution. “Blind testing” analysis of coprolites by an independent laboratory confirms the presence of human DNA in specimens of pre-Clovis age. The colonization of the Americas involved multiple technologically divergent, and possibly genetically divergent, founding groups. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Support for the Paisley Caves Project was provided by NSF grant 0924606; the Danish National Research Foundation; the U.S. Bureau of Land Management; the archaeological field school and the Museum of Natural and Cultural History, University of Oregon; the Keystone Archaeological Research Fund, Oregon State University; the Bernice Peltier Huber Charitable Trust; the Great Basin Paleoindian Research Unit of the University of Nevada, Reno; Playa Fellowship Residency grants; and D. Dana, A. Hurley, S. Kohntopp, R. Engle, Origer Associates Inc., and other private contributors. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Science en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Vol. 337 no. 6091 en_US
dc.title Clovis Age Western Stemmed Projectile Points and Human Coprolites at the Paisley Caves en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1126/science.1218443


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