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Prehistoric land-use patterns in the North Santiam subbasin on the western slopes of the Oregon Cascade Range

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dc.contributor.advisor Roth, Barbara
dc.creator Kelly, Cara McCulley
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-09T20:59:17Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-09T20:59:17Z
dc.date.copyright 2001-06-11
dc.date.issued 2001-06-11
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/34283
dc.description Graduation date: 2002 en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis examines prehistoric land use patterns of the entire North Santiam subbasin, located on the western slopes of the Oregon Cascade Range. The objective of this analysis is three-fold: 1) to contribute to reconstructing the cultural chronology of the area; 2) to address the use of raw material by local hunter-gatherers and how raw material can be used to reconstruct the seasonal procurement ranges for these groups; and 3) to model the adaptive strategies of the prehistoric inhabitants of the North Santiam subbasin. The adaptive strategies of hunter-gatherer groups in the North Santiam subbasin are addressed by using the known ethnographic record, limited archaeological excavations, and the environmental and social data layers in Geographic Information Systems. ArcView Spatial Analyst was used to analyze the density and distribution of prehistoric sites and their association with major vegetation, huckleberry patches, non-forested communities, slope, aspect, streams, lithic sources, hot springs and trails within the subbasin. Five elevation zones are outlined corresponding to the site density pattern and the key predictive environmental and social variables. This study assumed that sites are not randomly distributed across the landscape; instead hunter-gatherer groups chose a particular location based on the natural environment. It is also assumed that many of the environmental variables have survived to modern time and are represented by the presently available data. Concurrent trace element analysis by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry and obsidian hydration analysis conducted on projectile points recovered from the surface and subsurface have provided evidence for early occupation in the subbasin; and revealed patterns in mobility, social interaction, and the use of raw material during the Archaic. The key predictive variables sustained a diversity of plant and animal resources that attracted human groups from both east and west of the Cascade Mountains over the past 10,000 years to seasonally hunt and procure a variety of important plant resources. The results of this study while descriptive in nature elucidates a pattern of land-use by hunter-gatherers, by providing key distributional data on prehistoric sites and their association to particular ecological zones within the North Santiam subbasin during the Archaic Period. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Land use -- Oregon -- North Santiam River Watershed -- History en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Archaeological surveying -- Oregon -- North Santiam River Watershed en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Indians of North America -- Oregon -- North Santiam River Watershed -- Antiquities en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Excavations (Archaeology) -- Oregon -- North Santiam River Watershed -- Data processing en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Antiquities, Prehistoric -- Oregon -- North Santiam River Watershed en_US
dc.subject.lcsh North Santiam River Watershed (Or.) -- Antiquities en_US
dc.title Prehistoric land-use patterns in the North Santiam subbasin on the western slopes of the Oregon Cascade Range en_US
dc.type Thesis/Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies (M.A.I.S.) en_US
dc.degree.level Master's en_US
dc.degree.discipline Interdisciplinary Studies en_US
dc.degree.grantor Oregon State University en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Braunner, David
dc.contributor.committeemember Doel, Ron
dc.description.digitization File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 8-bit Grayscale, 24-bit Color) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR. en_US
dc.description.peerreview no en_us


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