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The impact of space and color in the physical environment on children's cooperative behavior

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dc.contributor.advisor Brandt, Jeanette A.
dc.creator Read, Marilyn Avonia
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-10T20:43:16Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-10T20:43:16Z
dc.date.copyright 1996-11-04
dc.date.issued 1996-11-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/34337
dc.description Graduation date: 1997 en_US
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to determine whether changes in physical space impacted preschool children's cooperative behavior. These changes in physical space included differentiated and undifferentiated ceiling height and wall color. This study used an experimental design with subjects experiencing four conditions each. The sample consisted of 30 preschool children across four different half-day preschool classes in a preschool laboratory on a university campus. Children were assigned to small groups of four children. Each group was comprised of two boys and two girls. The groups experienced each condition for five minutes each week over a four-week period. A multivariate repeated-measures analysis was used to determine whether the predictor variables: age, gender, and condition, were related to the outcome variable of cooperative behavior. There was a significant main effect for Condition on children's cooperative behavior. Post-hoc comparisons revealed the cooperative behavior scores of children in the condition with a differentiated ceiling and an undifferentiated wall color to be significantly higher than all other conditions. A polynomial contrast revealed a nonlinear relationship between the conditions. Additionally, older children were more cooperative than younger children. Boys were more cooperative than girls. In differentiated spaces, whether in ceiling height or in wall color, children's cooperative behavior scores increased. Physical spaces where ceiling height and wall color were both undifferentiated or differentiated appeared to depress children's cooperative behavior scores. The undifferentiated space may have not been stimulating enough to enhance children's cooperative behavior, while the space with both differentiation in the ceiling height and wall color may have been overstimulating for preschool children. Administrators and planners of children's play spaces must be aware of how overly simple or highly complex environments can negatively impact on children's development. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Cooperativeness in children en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Color -- Psychological aspects en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Space (Architecture) -- Psychological aspects en_US
dc.title The impact of space and color in the physical environment on children's cooperative behavior en_US
dc.type Thesis/Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D.) in Apparel, Interiors, Housing and Merchandising en_US
dc.degree.level Doctoral en_US
dc.degree.discipline Health and Human Sciences en_US
dc.degree.grantor Oregon State University en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Sugawara, Alan
dc.description.digitization File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 24-bit Color) using Capture Perfect 3.0 on a Canon DR-9050C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR. en_US
dc.description.peerreview no en_us

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