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Climate Change Impacts on Marine Ecosystems

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dc.creator Doney, Scott C.
dc.creator Ruckelshaus, Mary
dc.creator Duffy, J. Emmett
dc.creator Barry, James P.
dc.creator Chan, Francis
dc.creator English, Chad A.
dc.creator Galindo, Heather M.
dc.creator Grebmeier, Jacqueline M.
dc.creator Hollowed, Anne B.
dc.creator Knowlton, Nancy
dc.creator Polovina, Jeffrey
dc.creator Rabalais, Nancy N.
dc.creator Sydeman, William J.
dc.creator Talley, Lynne D.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-22T17:38:50Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-22T17:38:50Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08-25
dc.identifier.citation Doney, S. C., Knowlton, N., Polovina, J., Rabalais, N. N., Sydeman, W. J., Talley, L. D., . . . . (2012). Climate change impacts on marine ecosystems. Annual Review of Marine Science, 4(1), 11-37. doi: 10.1146/annurev-marine-041911-111611 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/34553
dc.description This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by Annual Reviews and can be found at: http://www.annualreviews.org/. en_US
dc.description.abstract In marine ecosystems, rising atmospheric CO2 and climate change are associated with concurrent shifts in temperature, circulation, stratification, nutrient input, oxygen content, and ocean acidification, with potentially wideranging biological effects. Population-level shifts are occurring because of physiological intolerance to new environments, altered dispersal patterns, and changes in species interactions. Together with local climate-driven invasion and extinction, these processes result in altered community structure and diversity, including possible emergence of novel ecosystems. Impacts are particularly striking for the poles and the tropics, because of the sensitivity of polar ecosystems to sea-ice retreat and poleward species migrations as well as the sensitivity of coral-algal symbiosis to minor increases in temperature. Midlatitude upwelling systems, like the California Current, exhibit strong linkages between climate and species distributions, phenology, and demography. Aggregated effects may modify energy and material flows as well as biogeochemical cycles, eventually impacting the overall ecosystem functioning and services upon which people and societies depend. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship S.C.D. specifically acknowledges support from the Palmer LTER (NSF OPP-0823101). en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Annual Reviews en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Annual Review of Marine Science en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Vol. 4 no. 1 en_US
dc.subject Trophic structure en_US
dc.subject Hypoxia en_US
dc.subject Diversity en_US
dc.subject Food webs en_US
dc.title Climate Change Impacts on Marine Ecosystems en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.peerreview yes en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1146/annurev-marine-041911-111611

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