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Nutritional and managerial considerations for wintering beef cattle in the northern Great Basin

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dc.contributor.advisor DelCurto, Timothy
dc.creator Brandyberry, Steven D.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-05T21:22:00Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-05T21:22:00Z
dc.date.copyright 1994-06-02
dc.date.issued 1994-06-02
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/34865
dc.description Graduation date: 1995 en_US
dc.description.abstract A study was conducted to determine effects of year and season on diet quality of beef cattle grazing northern Great Basin rangelands from 1990 to 1993. Forage quality was high early in the growing season, then declined as seasons progressed (P<.05). Plant chemical composition was higher early in the growing season in 1992 and 1993 (P<.05). Later in the season, quality was higher in 1990 and 1991 (P<.05). Changes in precipitation amount and distribution and variations in temperature between years were determined to be the primary factors affecting yearly changes in diet quality. Research addressing the potential of winter grazing as a grazing management plan in the northern Great Basin was conducted during the winters of 1991-92 and 1992-93. Feeding 2 kg/d of alfalfa hay or pellets on a daily or alternate day (4 kg) basis did not affect cow or calf performance, intake, digestibility or grazing behavior (P>.10). Intake, digestibility, diet quality and time spent grazing estimates decreased in period 2 (mid-January) versus period 1 (early December). Cow performance was lower the first 28 days of the study (P<.05), improved by day 56, then declined again at day 70 (P<.05). Animal response to winter environmental conditions were estimated during the winter of 1992-93. Moving from a grazing to a hay-feeding situation increased forage intake, digestibility and digesta kinetics (P<.05), while reducing grazing behavior (P<.05). Cow body weight increased and body condition decreased as the study progressed (P<.05). Animals responded positively to slight environmental stresses initially when environmental conditions remained relatively mild. As environmental conditions worsened, animals reduced intake and grazing behavior in response to increased stress (P<.05). Attempts to estimate daily intake by grazing animals appeared to be successful. Effects of early spring grazing of rangeland utilized in a winter grazing program were determined in 1992 and 1993. Cow-calf pairs grazed the selected pasture in mid to late March. In November, estimates of total forage production and plant chemical composition were obtained from grazed and ungrazed sites. Spring grazing reduced total forage production (P<.05); estimates of diet quality collected from esophageal steers were similar between treatments (P>.10). Estimates of forage production were higher and diet quality lower in 1993 (P<.05). en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Beef cattle -- Wintering -- Great Basin en_US
dc.title Nutritional and managerial considerations for wintering beef cattle in the northern Great Basin en_US
dc.type Thesis/Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D.) in Animal Science en_US
dc.degree.level Doctoral en_US
dc.degree.discipline Agricultural Sciences en_US
dc.degree.grantor Oregon State University en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Svejcar, Tony
dc.contributor.committeemember Angell, Ray
dc.contributor.committeemember Smith, Brad
dc.contributor.committeemember Stormshack, Fred
dc.contributor.committeemember Weber, Dale
dc.contributor.committeemember Bodyfelt, Floyd
dc.description.digitization File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 256 Grayscale) using Capture Perfect 3.0 on a Canon DR-9050C in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR. en_US
dc.description.peerreview no en_us
dc.description.graduationdate 1995

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