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The influence of selenium on selenoprotein W

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dc.contributor.advisor Whanger, Philip D.
dc.creator Yeh, Jan-ying
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-05T21:48:04Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-05T21:48:04Z
dc.date.copyright 1995-11-20
dc.date.issued 1995-11-20
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/34872
dc.description Graduation date: 1996 en_US
dc.description.abstract The objective of our study was to investigate the effect of selenium on selenoprotein W. Western blot analysis indicated that selenoprotein W is present in muscle, brain, testis and spleen of rat tissues. Tissue distribution of selenoprotein W was not altered in rats fed various selenium levels. Among muscle, brain, testis and spleen, selenoprotein W in muscle was most responsive to selenium status, but brain appeared to be the least responsive organ. Northern blot data indicated that selenoprotein W mRNA in rat muscle increased significantly as levels of selenium supplementation increased. Western blot data indicate that selenoprotein W in rat muscle is non-detectable until selenium supplementation increased to 0.06 ppm, and the level of selenoprotein W in muscle reached a plateau at 1 ppm selenium supplementation where no further increase occurred. Except brain, selenoprotein W was higher in all tissues in sheep fed a selenium supplemented diet than in those fed the deficient diet. However, selenoprotein W levels were not different in brains between selenium-deficient and selenium-supplemented sheep. In contrast to rats, selenoprotein W was as high in the heart as in the muscle of selenium-supplemented sheep. In the study with L8 muscle cells, selenoprotein W did not change significantly during cell differentiation, indicating that selenoprotein W was not affected by muscle cell differentiation. Selenite was the most effective form of selenium for selenoprotein W synthesis in these muscle cells. Selenoprotein W level reached a plateau when L8 myotubes were incubated with 10⁻⁷ M selenium, whereas selenoprotein W mRNA reached a plateau with 10⁻⁸ M selenium. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Selenium -- Physiological effect en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Selenoproteins en_US
dc.title The influence of selenium on selenoprotein W en_US
dc.type Thesis/Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D.) in Animal Science en_US
dc.degree.level Doctoral en_US
dc.degree.discipline Agricultural Sciences en_US
dc.degree.grantor Oregon State University en_US
dc.description.digitization File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 8-bit Grayscale) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6770A in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR. en_US
dc.description.peerreview no en_us


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