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The effects on the performance of broilers consuming calcium, potassium, and sodium nitrates and nitrites from the drinking water

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dc.contributor.advisor Nakaue, Harry S.
dc.creator Reeder, Julie A.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-07T19:36:09Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-07T19:36:09Z
dc.date.copyright 1996-05-10
dc.date.issued 1996-05-10
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/34903
dc.description Graduation date: 1996 en_US
dc.description.abstract Four experiments were carried out with broiler chicks from day-old to three or four weeks of age to assess the effects of nitrates and nitrites from calcium, potassium, and sodium salts in the drinking water of broilers on growth, body weights, feed utilization, blood chemistries, liver tissues, and lipid oxidation of breast and thigh tissues. Body weights were lower (P<.05) among chicks consuming calcium nitrate than those of chicks consuming sodium nitrate or the control. Chicks consuming calcium nitrate (Ca(NO₃)₂) at 1000 ppm had lower (P<.05) body weights than those drinking Ca(NO₃)₂ at 0, 50, or 200 ppm. Broilers receiving 1000 ppm of calcium nitrite (Ca(NO₂)₂) had depressed body weights when compared to chicks consuming 0, 50, or 200 ppm of Ca(NO₂)₂. Consumption of sodium nitrate (NaNO₃) at 2033 ppm reduced (P<.05) broiler weights in comparison to broilers ingesting 0, 111, or 427 ppm of NaNO₃. Feed utilization was less efficient (P<.05) by chicks ingesting Ca(NO₃)₂ and calcium, potassium, or sodium salts of nitrite when compared with the control. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Broilers (Poultry) -- Effect of water pollution on en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Broilers (Poultry) -- Effect of water quality on en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Broilers (Poultry) -- Nutrition en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Nitrates -- Physiological effect en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Nitrites -- Physiological effect en_US
dc.title The effects on the performance of broilers consuming calcium, potassium, and sodium nitrates and nitrites from the drinking water en_US
dc.type Thesis/Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science (M.S.) in Animal Science en_US
dc.degree.level Master's en_US
dc.degree.discipline Agricultural Sciences en_US
dc.degree.grantor Oregon State University en_US
dc.description.digitization File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome, 24-bit Color) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR. en_US
dc.description.peerreview no en_us


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