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Comparing intercell distance and cell wall midpoint criteria for discrete global grid systems

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dc.contributor.advisor Kimerling, A. Jon
dc.creator Gregory, Matthew Jay
dc.date.accessioned 2008-12-03T19:46:09Z
dc.date.available 2008-12-03T19:46:09Z
dc.date.copyright 1999-06-01
dc.date.issued 1999-06-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/9885
dc.description Graduation date: 2000 en_US
dc.description.abstract Many diverse applications have begun to study processes and patterns at a global scale. To aid in this research, discrete global grid systems (DGGSs) are data models which enable environmental modeling, monitoring and sampling across the earth at a variety of spatial scales. A DGGS can be evaluated on a set of topological and geometric criteria, two of which, intercell distance and the "cell wall midpoint criterion", form the basis of this study. These two properties have been noted to be important for dynamic modeling applications. This study focuses on results obtained from measurements of ten different global partitioning methods. Each method was further subdivided into different design choices, which included frequency of cell subdivision (2- or 3-frequency edge partition), predominant tessellating shape (triangle, hexagon, diamond or quadrilateral), and base modeling solid (octahedron, icosahedron, or sphere). Intercell distance and cell wall midpoint measures were statistically normalized to be comparable among the methods studied. The results were further standardized to a common mean intercell distance (89.02km) to determine performance rankings for the methods. Finally, the distortion of each method was presented graphically to understand the underlying spatial pattern. For intercell distances, the Fuller-Gray method had the best performance, while two quadrilateral grids (Tobler-Chen and Equal Angle) performed substantially worse. For the cell wall midpoint criterion, the Equal Angle grid had the lowest overall distortion with the Snyder and Fuller-Gray methods also performing relatively well. The Small Circle subdivision method and Tobler-Chen grid generally had the poorest performance for this property, especially at the higher recursion levels studied. All methods based on the icosahedron outperformed those based on the octahedron for both criteria studied. Aggregation of triangles into hexagons and diamonds seemed to have little impact on intercell distance measurements, although dual hexagon aggregation had markedly different statistics and spatial patterns for the cell wall midpoint property. Frequency of subdivision seemed to account for very little variation. Maps of spatial variation for both criteria show patterns of localized distortion which are unique to each method studied. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Geographic information systems en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Information theory en_US
dc.title Comparing intercell distance and cell wall midpoint criteria for discrete global grid systems en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science (M.S.) in Geography en_US
dc.degree.level Master's en_US
dc.degree.discipline Science en_US
dc.degree.grantor Oregon State University en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember White, Denis
dc.description.digitization Master files scanned at 600 ppi (256 Grayscale, 24-bit Color) using Capture Perfect 3.0 on a Canon DR-9080C in TIF format. PDF derivative scanned at 300 ppi (256 B&W, 256 Grayscale, 24-bit Color), using Capture Perfect 3.0, on a Canon DR-9080C. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR. en_US

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