Secondary plant succession and the accumulation of biomass and nutrients were
documented at seven ruminant exclosures in Abies and Pseudotsuga forests variously
disturbed by logging, burning, and grass seeding. Long-term (25 or more
years) foraging by Rocky Mountain mule deer (Odocolleus hemionus) and Rocky
Mountain elk (Genius elaphus) suppressed the...
In the 1980s, resource managers were increasingly concerned about effects of timber harvest on ungulates in National Forests. Land and resource management plans incorporated restrictions on timber harvest to maintain cover for Rocky Mountain elk
(CeNus e/aphus ne/soni V. Bailey) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus RafinesqueJ, and habitat models...