Bedrock groundwater dynamics in headwater catchments are poorly understood and
poorly characterized. Direct hydrometric measurements have been limited due to the
logistical challenges associated with drilling through hard rock in steep, remote and
often roadless terrain. Here we develop and use an inexpensive, portable bedrock
drilling system to explore bedrock...
The tendency of wood to shrink and swell with changing moisture content
remains as one of the most significant challenges to using wood in its many
applications. Viscoelastic Thermal Compression (VTC) has been shown to
significantly increase the density, strength and stiffness of wood. However,
dimensional stability is still a...