This study demonstrated at the pilot-scale (50 kg) use of Douglas-fir forest harvest residue, an underutilized
forest biomass, for the production of high titer and high yield bioethanol using sulfite chemistry
without solid–liquor separation and detoxification. Sulfite Pretreatment to Overcome the Recalcitrance
of Lignocelluloses (SPORL) was directly applied to the...