Cover crop selection and management depend on many factors, among them the cover crop’s ability to accumulate dry matter (i.e., residues) and nitrogen (N). Dry matter provides energy for soil organisms, contributes to soil organic matter, improves tilth, and acts as a sink for nutrients.
Traditionally, M. chitwoodi is controlled with
chemical nematicides, many of which risk
suspension for use on potatoes due to health and
environmental concerns. It is essential to develop
and refine alternative strategies for controlling
Columbia root-knot nematode now, so that
productive and profitable potato acreage will not
be lost if...
Rapeseed is grown for its oil and
meal, and as a cover crop. Rapid fall
growth captures part of the available
soil nitrogen, which otherwise might
be lost to leaching, and provides
good ground cover over winter.
Subclovers are used for forage and
hay and have been used successfully
in Oregon as fall-planted and relay interplanted
cover crops in annual
rotations. They are capable of
accumulating substantial amounts of
N, a portion of which is available to
the following crop. Rapid growth
suppresses weeds in spring.
Sudangrass and sorghum sudangrass
crosses are used as warm season
cover crops, forage, and
silage. When used as a cover crop,
their fibrous roots and organic matter
contributions improve soil structure;
and their rapid, dense growth
Common vetch is a viny, succulent, annual legume attaining a height of 24 inches when planted alone. It grows taller when planted with a tall companion crop that provides structural support for climbing.