Benthic foraminiferal δ¹³C data from site 502 in the Caribbean Sea (sill depth 1800 m) indicate that throughout the past 2.6 m.y., glacial δ¹³C values in the middepth Atlantic were higher during glaciations than interglaciations. This is interpreted as indicating a greater proportion of Upper North Atlantic Deep Water (UNADW)...
The adsorption equilibrium and kinetic behavior exhibited
by β-lactoglobulin at silanized silicon surfaces of varying
hydrophobicity were examined using ellipsometry. Adsorption
equilibrium results were used to construct adsorption
isotherms; the adsorbed mass of β-lactoglobulin was observed
to increase with increasing surface hydrophobicity, within a
defined range of hydrophobicity. Adsorption kinetics...
Ellipsometry was used to study the effects of surface energetics
and temperature on the equilibrium adsorptive behavior exhibited by
β-lactoglobulin. β-Lactoglobulin isotherms at 25, 37, and 55°C were
constructed for this purpose. The surfaces of acrylic, polycarbonate,
polyester, glass, and #304 stainless steel were contacted with protein
solutions of varying...
Zora Neale Hurston was a Black American writer
during the period of the Harlem Renaissance. The
purpose of this study is to show that three of her four
novels form a protracted discussion of a particular
type of freedom which was of especial interest to
Hurston. The study seeks to...
Published January 1978. Reprinted May 1993. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Cytokinins are a group of plant hormones mediating cell division and
differentiation. Zeatin is a naturally occurring and highly active cytokinin that is rapidly
metabolized in Phaseolus seeds. The metabolites and enzymes mediating the conversion
have been studied extensively. Zeatin metabolic enzymes may be utilized in studying the
Revised January 1999. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Ports in the United States have a special relationship to their local economies. They frequently have more economic development authority than other municipalities and are significantly affected by international and national as well as local economic events. This publication is intended to help you understand your port's role in your...
Harvesting costs were determined for commercial thinning of young stands to
achieve vegetation and wildlife objectives. This included replicated comparisons of
thinning treatments. Treatments were defined based on residual tree stocking after
thinning. Study procedures were developed and evaluated to improve statistical
relevance. Multiple linear regression models were used to...
Many parents want their children to have positive feelings about themselves and to believe they can succeed. Children often evaluate their selfworth and make judgments about their abilities based on experiences they have at home. Families can provide numerous
opportunities every day to develop children’s self-confidence.
Why is problem solving important for families? Naturally, conflicts arise
for children every day. Children who learn to figure out solutions
to their problems are better able to work and play with others. The
ability to solve difficult situations also builds positive self-esteem,
self-confidence, and relationships with others.
Children are naturally curious and have a strong desire to
be independent. They may go beyond the rules and limits
parents set. Sometimes parents aren’t sure how to respond to
children’s behavior. Parents may react angrily, rather than warmly
In the Pacific Northwest, a transition has begun that is shifting many practices in forest management. Traditionally, harvesting and regeneration has been done through clearcutting which removes all trees in the area being cut and plants an entirely new stand. Clearcutting is often the most efficient method for harvesting forests...
Variability in fruit set and yield is a serious problem in Oregon viticulture, particularly with Pinot noir. Climatic variation during the flowering period contributes significantly to this problem by affecting fruit set and cluster weight. Cool wet weather during bloom results in poor set, small clusters, and low yields. Seasons...
In the past ten years, variation in Oregon vineyard yields has come from two main causes: winter injury and inconsistent fruit set. Together these factors have caused significant yield variation in almost every Oregon vineyard. In 1991, a research project was started at Oregon State to develop and evaluate a...
Yellow toadflax (Linaria vulgaris) and Dalmatian toadflax (Linaria
dalmatica) are members of the figwort (Scrophulariaceae) family.
They were introduced into North America as ornamental plants because of their showy, snapdragon-like flowers. Yellow toadflax was brought from Wales in the mid-1800s as a garden flower by Ranstead, a Welsh Quaker who...
Yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis L.) is a member of the knapweed
(Centaurea L.) complex. It is poor forage for all livestock and causes
“chewing disease,” a nervous disorder, in horses. Yellow starthistle infests
millions of acres in California and the Pacific Northwest. Infestations range
from scattered plants to dense stands...
This report describes sediment testing done on the Yaquina River benthos between river miles 6 and 11 (a section between Yaquina and Toledo). The sediments were found to be safe for in-water disposal, thus enabling dredging to proceed.
"The Fish Management Policy of the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) directs that management plans will be prepared for each basin or management unit for the purpose of recording ongoing management and guiding future management of fish and shellfish and their habitat...The Yaquina Plan identifies objectives and activities...
This evaluation covers the approximately 30,000 cubic yards of material to be excavated from the South Beach Marina Federal project channel. . . The authorized South Beach Marina Federal project channel is 10 feet deep, 100 feet wide and 2,035 feet long. . . The channel has not been dredged...
Published June 1990. Reprinted January 1993. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the Sea Grant Catalog: http://seagrant.oregonstate.edu/publications
This project, commissioned in 1998, is part of the MidCoast Watersheds Council's efforts to better understand the status and condition of the area's natural resources and to work with interested landowners to enhance and protect important areas.
Published April 1999. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Several effects of xylem discontinuity in Pinot noir
and Merlot grape berries were studied. There was a
reduction in the amount of apoplastic dye (Eosin Y or
azosulfamide) uptake through cut pedicels into soft
versus firm berries, suggesting a reduction in maximal
xylem flow at that time. Both greenhouse and...
Reforestation of Pacific Northwest forest-lands with western hemlock has been hindered by unexplained plantation failures.
The purpose of this thesis is to provide information that will help in determining the cause of seedling damage and mortality. The studies focused on the relationship between xylem water potential, xylem cavitation and the...
Published February 1990. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Particleboard is a widely used composite panel product
consisting of consolidated wood particles and adhesive. On
a macro level the panel appears to be homogeneous, however,
its density varies both throughout the plane of the panel
as well as through its thickness. Of concern for this
thesis is the through-thickness...
Like other social institutions, universities have been
created and administered by and for a white-male dominant
culture that continues to marginalize women and anyone else
designated as -Other- according to race, class, ethnicity,
ability, age, size, and sexuality. This discussion
questions the dominant model of standard written discourse
The classroom practices discussed in this thesis come slowly and at a "slant" to feminism through critical reading of texts, a practice that I call a (re)presentation of the silent women in texts. Given our patriarchal western culture, making meaning, and especially making sense, of the role and representations of...
This study focused on the worldminded attitudes of
Japanese college students in Japan and in the United States.
The effects of studying abroad and the change in attitudes
between Japanese college male students and female students
were examined in terms of worldmindedness, which is defined
as a frame of reference,...
With indications that fisheries production has plateued at a global capacity of 85 million metric tons in the 1990's, further exploitation of marine stocks on a sustainable basis is unrealistic. Economic development of coastal and regional economies will benefit from new approaches to maximizing benefits from harvested products that include...
Western redcedar (Thuja plicata Donn.) is a valuable commercial species found in
the northwestern United States and southwestern Canada. This dissertation includes four
papers focused on wood and stem characteristics of second-growth western redcedar, and
how those characteristics vary within the stem or how they are influenced by cultural
The objectives of this study were to determine: 1)
differences in average wood quality and strength properties
of clear-wood specimens sampled from juvenile, transition,
and mature wood zones in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii
(Mirb.) Franco) trees from known forest sites; 2)
relationships among wood quality properties [specific
gravity (SG), rings per...
The specification, inspection, and remedial treatment of utility poles are addressed. Included are discussions of enhancing specifications for improved performance, techniques for detecting decay and other defects, and chemical treatments available for arresting decay of poles in service.
Dedicated to recording, portraying, and indicting
the social inequities that he witnessed in nineteenth
century Victorian England, one of Charles Dickens' many
concerns was the roles assigned to women both in the
public and private spheres.
The purpose of this thesis is to examine the
narratives of Amy Dorrit and...
The purpose of this study was to determine women's perceptions of their physical activity needs and preferences, survey their evaluation of how the Intramural Sports Department accommodates those needs and preferences, and determine if and how intramural sports programming might be adjusted to serve women better. An open-ended survey was...
Ten female survivors of physically assaultive domestic violence were
interviewed three times each in a feminist, qualitative study designed to access
their perceptions about their children's experiences in domestic violence. All
participants had children living with them at the time of the abuse and were one
to five years out...
Long-haul truck drivers are absent from their families for prolonged periods
of time. This paper examines the methods trucking families use to remain
connected given such absences. Interviews with ten women married to long-haul
truck drivers underwent qualitative analysis. Initially, personal profiles were
developed to illustrate life experiences of the...
A sample of 1,003 women, age 22 in 1983-84 and age 27 in 1988-89, were
selected from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Personal, familial, and
geopolitical predictors of alcohol consumption were evaluated at each time period and
longitudinally. The study integrated macro- and micro-level influences to determine
In 1986, researchers from Oregon State University, led by Dr. David Brauner, came to the small Catholic community of St. Paul, Oregon as part of ongoing research on the French-Canadian inhabitants of the Willamette Valley between 1829 and the mid-1860s. They were searching for the remains of the first Catholic...
The issue of Navy women in combat has been widely discussed
since women first served during World War I. In this paper I intend to
present the political, philosophical, and historical reasoning behind the
changing of the regulations to allow women in combat.
History shows that the Navy has faced...
Intra- and interplant movement and dispersal of the predator mites Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) and Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman) were studied on both lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) and apple (Malus pumila Miller) branch plant systems that were seeded with excess numbers of the spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch. Individuals of either...
I studied selection of winter den sites by northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus) in forests of the Oregon Cascades. Fifty-six squirrels were radio-collared in three managed, 80- to 1 30-year-old Douglas-fir stands on the Umpqua Nationa Forest during the winters of 1994-95 and 1995-96. Squirrels were located at their den...
Responses of biological indicators of soil quality to winter cover cropping were measured on soil samples collected from 6 commercial growers' fields and two experiment research stations in the Willamette Valley of Oregon. The research stations were the North Willamette Research and Extension Center (Aurora, OR), and the Oregon State...
The 18 winegrape varieties in this trial were in fifth leaf in 1994. Vines were pruned in February to either a Scott Henry (4 arms on a vertical trellis using two fruiting wires 12 inches apart at 30 and 42 inch height) or a guyot (a double arm on a...
Four year old vines of 18 varieties were cane pruned, trained to a Scott Henry, thinned before veraison, and harvested in October and November 1993. Two of the varieties, Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon, were used as standards. Only four varieties were spur pruned to reduce cropping or cluster size: Dolcetto,...
The 18 winegrape varieties in this trial were in sixth leaf in 1995. Vines were pruned in February to either a Scott Henry (3-4 permanent arms on a vertical trellis using two fruiting wires 12 inches apart at 30 and 42 inch height) plus 2 extra disposal canes on some...
To learn the effect of wind on a species native to a windy site, I compared germination, seedling survival, seedling form, and the force required to uproot seedlings in a wind-exposed and a wind-sheltered site. In February 1992, the sand dune perennial Lupinus arboreus Sims. was planted in wind-exposed and...
Data from an array of bottom pressure gauges and a string of current meters in the vicinity of 47°N,
139°W, are used to examine the deep-ocean variability forced by ocean surface wind stress curl from
August 1987 to June 1988. Bottom geostrophic currents are computed from the pressure gauge array,...
Velocity time series are used to study cross-shelf circulation on the northern California shelf and to examine classical ideas of locally wind-forced cross-shelf circulation. A simple linear two-dimensional model of cross-shelf transport is compared to estimates of cross-shelf transport in the near surface, interior, and near bottom. In winter, when...
The natural fall of trees in riparian areas is an important source of coarse woody debris for mountain streams, improving fish habitat and influencing stream morphology. Existing models consider the probability of coarse woody debris entering a stream channel based upon trees having a random direction of fall without consideration...
Farmers, conservationists, and other land managers need reliable methods to assess soil quality so they can make management decisions
that maintain long-term soil productivity. A group of Oregon farmers has identified 10 soil quality indicators for the Willamette Valley that
can assess the impact of soil management. These indicators are...
Published March 1995. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Wild garlic (Allium vineale) was introduced from Europe where it was used as a food flavoring. It is found in pastures, lawns, ornamental beds, and several cultivated crops. It grows west of the Cascades from Vancouver Island south into northwest Oregon.
Typical power outputs of commercially available diode lasers are on the
order of 5 milliwatts. This thesis discusses the growth, processing and
fabrication of high power (lOO's of milliwatts) diode lasers. Devices were
grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) and by Metal Organic Chemical
Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). The MOCVD diode...
In a properly operating septic system, the solid material in the sewage is settled out in a septic tank and stored until removal by pumping. The effluent from the tank is still sewage. It has a strong odor and is high in disease causing organisms. This effluent is treated and...