The results of a new multispectral infrared retrieval scheme for obtaining fractional cloud cover and 11-μm emissivity are compared with those of the spatial coherence method which obtains fractional cloud cover assuming that the clouds are opaque at infrared wavelengths. Both methods are applied to 4-km NOAA advanced very high...
From 25 April through 30 October 1992, I conducted 14 waterbird and raptor censuses at Cabell Marsh. I observed 33 waterbird taxa and seven raptor species, including hatch-year individuals of five waterbird species. The records for each census are given.
Published April 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Reprinted April 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
The purpose of this study was to compare Far Eastern
influences on Western women's dress as represented in both
a high fashion and mass fashion magazine between 1910 and
1925. Vogue was selected as the high fashion magazine and
Ladies Home Journal as the mass fashion magazine. The
The purpose of this study was to compare the levels of bone
mineral density (BMD) of the whole body (WB) and proximal
femurs of physically active men with spinal cord injuries (SCI) to
nonactive men with spinal cord injuries. Also, the lean muscle
mass (LMM) of active men with SCI...
The southern portion of the Kodiak-Bowie seamonnt chain in the southeastern
Gulf of Alaska presents a unique opportunity to investigate loading on young oceanic
lithosphere. Oceanic lithosphere younger than 25 Ma is loaded both by sediments in a deep
offshore trough and by seamount 100-200 km offshore. Free-air gravity anomaly...
For many years, the von Neumann bottleneck has imposed speed limits on the execution of a program. Because of their sequential nature, von Neumann computers can only execute a single instruction at a time. Instructions that are side-effect free and can be executed in parallel must wait. In an effort...
Sod-seeding techniques offer graziers a convenient way to introduce superior grass cultivars into underproductive permanent pastures. Production loss and erosion are minimized. In conjunction with improved grazing management and fertilization, renovation can significantly improve yield and quality of pastures. Existent vegetation must be suppressed prior to introducing new cultivars. This...
Summaries from 49 published articles on tree volume and taper equations are presented for 39 tree species found in California, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, southeast Alaska, Idaho, and western Montana. The summaries are organized by species and then by type of equation (volume or taper). Each summary describes the types...
In competitive swimming a spread in time of only 0.10,
and 0.16 seconds constituted the difference between
finishing second and seventh, and first and eighth,
respectively, in the women's 50 yard freestyle at the 1993
NCAA Division III National Swimming & Diving Championships.
Based on data collected over a period...
An approach for developing a computer-based aid to
assist in monitoring and assessing nuclear power plant
status during situations requiring emergency response has
been developed. It is based on the representation of
regulatory requirements and plant-specific systems and
instrumentation in the form of hierarchical rules. Making
use of inferencing techniques...
This study concerns the use of a discrete-event
simulation model for analyzing the production of a
mechanized forest harvest system. The simulation models a
field collection data set of a harvester-forwarder system
which was previously collected by the Forest Engineering
Department of Oregon State University. The computer
software consisted of...
Shrews previously recognized as Sorex monticolus were classified
into two species (one with 14 subspecies, the other monotypic) on
the basis of a morphometric analysis of 3610 individuals from
throughout their range. Sorex m. neomexicanus has been recognized
previously as a subspecies of Sorex monticolus but is recognized
An oscillating plasma glow discharge detector for gas
chromatography is used to obtain fingerprint information
about an analyte by combining both the average cell
current and oscillation frequency signals. Five homologs
each of the n-alkanes, 1-alkenes, 1-alkynes, 2-ketones and
aldehydes are studied. Although triplicate determinations
had some scatter due to...
In an earlier paper we developed an intermediate representation for languages based on composition, and showed how the representation could facilitate generating code for functional languages, such as FP. In this paper we follow the same philosophical approach, using instead the applicative language APL. Further, we show how this intermediate...
A continuous process for the production of ceramic materials has been studied.
This method reacted metal and oxidizer in a diffusionally controlled process,
demonstrated by reacting a magnesium particle stream and hot water vapor. Many small
rich hydrogen/air diffusion flames provide an atmosphere of hot water vapor, hydrogen,
Distance-based algorithms are machine learning algorithms that classify queries
by computing distances between these queries and a number of internally stored
exemplars. Exemplars that are closest to the query have the largest in
the classi cation assigned to the query. Two speci c distance-based algorithms, the
This study investigated the job satisfaction of
elementary school counselors in the Pacific Northwest,
defined as Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. The purpose of
the study was to (a) describe current elementary counselor
characteristics, duties and functions; (b) determine the
overall level of job satisfaction of elementary school
counselors; (c) investigate...
The purpose of this research was to explore
non-persistence by vocational students in the College of Career
and Vocational Education at the University of Alaska Anchorage.
A cohort of 156 students were identified and tracked from fall
1989 through spring 1992.
In the first part of the study, using the...
The purpose of this study was to determine if the inferences derived from
the Kingore Observation Inventory as a screening device are sufficiently valid for
the identification of potentially gifted youngsters. Differences in predicting the
WISC-III Full Scale IQ scores and/or percentile ranks using the KOI were
Eight years (1980-87) of twice-daily high-resolution radiosonde data from
a tropical mid-Pacific island station are analyzed to generate time series of the
planetary boundary layer (PBL) top pressure, an ageostrophic parameter (related to
the divergence), and a parameter of mean PBL specific humidity. Sample spectra
of these time series are...
There were 21 days with observations during 30 January-21 May 1974. Herons were already displaying on January 30, so nesting activity can occur much earlier than has been supposed. A yearling was often seen at the nests, but most nesting activity was by adults. Although eggs were laid in at...
Nine west-northwest-trending faults on the continental margin of
Oregon and Washington, between 43° 05'N and 470 20'N latitude, have been
mapped using seismic reflection, sidescan sonar, submersibles, and swath
bathymetry. Five of these oblique faults are found on both the Juan de Fuca
and North American plates, and offset abyssal...
The adsorption kinetics exhibited by selected charge mutants of T4 lysozyme at
silanized silica surfaces were monitored with in situ ellipsometry. Mutant lysozymes were
produced by substitution of lysine (Lys) with glutamic acid (Glu). Each substitution
resulted in a decrease in the net charge of the protein by 2 units....
I studied sexual segregation in mule deer (Odocoileus
hemionus) and white-tailed deer (Q. virginianus) in
different environments and at different population
densities to test the hypothesis that sexual segregation
occurs in ungulates as the result of different
reproductive strategies; females select habitat and behave
in manners primarily designed to promote...
Alias periods and wavelengths for the M2, S2, N2, K1, O1, and P1 tidal constituents are calculated for TOPEX/POSEIDON. Alias wavelengths calculated in previous studies are shown to be in error, and a correct method is presented. With the exception of the K1 constituent, all of these tidal aliases for...
The shallow sections of most holes drilled during Ocean Drilling Program Leg 139 contain alkenones derived from prymnesiophyte algae. The alkenones indicate a paleotemperature of the photic zone in the upper ocean during primary carbon fixation of 7°-15°C, with an average of 10.7°C. Based on laboratory hydrous pyrolyses these alkenones...
There are a number of well known techniques for extracting parallelism from a given program. They range from hardware implementations, building restructuring compilers or reorganizing of programs so as to specify all the available parallelism. The success rate of any of the known techniques is rather poor over all types...
The connection between the fruit-set disorder Inflorescence Necrosis (IN) and high ammonium (NI14+) in affected tissues has led to an investigation of NH4+ assimilation enzymes (principally glutamine synthetase (GS) and glutamate synthase) in grape tissues. Previous work in this department has suggested that toxic levels of NH4+ build up in...
To remove small-scale variance and noise, time series of data are generally filtered using a moving window with a specified distribution of weights. Such filters unfortunately smooth sharp changes associated with larger scale structures. In this study, an adaptive low-pass filter is developed that not only effectively removes random small-scale...
A synthetic approach toward the two major fragments of cathedulin K-19,
euonyminol (4) and dimethyl cathate (69), was investigated. Synthesis of
dimethyl cathate was accomplished in 3 steps starting from 73. Efforts directed
towards the synthesis of euonyminol, a highly oxygenated dihydroagarofuran
sesquiterpene, was advanced to a stage in which...
The engineering design process and the advancement of future computer-aided-design systems need new design aids to be used during the conceptual design phase. This design phase is where information gathering and understanding of the problem are developed, analyzed and broken into small more manageable elements. These elements consist of customer...
The U.S. wood window and door industry has experienced much growth
for the past decade. However, to date, little information on factors that could
affect marketing strategies exists. This research represents an initial step for
providing this information.
A mail survey of U.S. wood window and door manufacturers was used...
The primary purpose of this study was t determine the
difference in "career progress" and satisfaction between
cooperative education/internship graduates and non-coop/
intern graduates of a small, private, non-engineering
college. A secondary purpose was to determine which other
independent variables (age; gender; SAT score; GPA; percent
of related work) contributed...
Current research on sport motivation has focused primarily on
goal perspective approaches in an attempt to understand behavior in
achievement situations (Ames, 1984; Nicholls, 1984). According to
Nicholls' (1984) theory, the achievement goal orientation an
individual develops may be influenced by both individual differences
and situational factors.
Relative to situational...
The topic of this thesis is to discuss an
investigation made for a fluid velocity measuring device.
The OSU thermal hydraulic testing facility is interested
in using a small probe to measure fluid velocities in the
annular region of a model nuclear reactor vessel. A
heater with a thermocouple embedded...
This document recreates an historically valuable report prepared by George A Bright in 1914 It
describes an extensive reconnaissance of the Wenaha National Forest that Bright completed in
1913 In addition to narratives about the natural resources, existing uses, and management
opportunities of the Forest, the report includes 42 black-and-white...
Tolerance analysis and synthesis plays a vital role in the success of a product design because it directly affects product quality and manufacturing cost. It also affects manufacturing process selection and planning. This research provides a review of several commonly used assembly tolerance analysis models and evaluation of their limitations....
Deforestation and forest fragmentation are the primary threats to the habitat
of endangered lion-tailed macaques, Macaca silenus, in Karnataka, India. Landsat
satellite images of northwest Karnataka, India, from 1977 and 1990 were analyzed.
Two study sites, measuring 16.35 x 19.14 km (31,213 ha) and 14.34 x 21.44 km (30,561
Three aspects of Subsynchronous Resonance (SSR) related problems in power
systems are addressed in this dissertation which aims at contributing to a better
understanding of these problems.
Subsynchronous Resonance (SSR) problems in series compensated steam-turbine
power systems co-exist with the beneficial effects provided by the series capacitors.
Since the early...
Field and laboratory work was undertaken in 1993 to increase understanding of the life history and ecology of the brown jellyfish,
Chrysaora fuscescens, a large semaeostome typically abundant in the neritic regions of the Oregon coast during summer months. Few
medusae were found during 1993, possibly the result of anomalous...
The groundfish trawl fishery operating off the coasts of Oregon
and Washington 1985-1987 caught six major assemblages of species
which could be treated as units in developing mixed-species
management plans. Eighty-one percent of the tows observed on
commercial vessels were consistently placed in one of the assemblage
designations using three...
Hyphal fragments and protoplasts of two wood-degrading fungi, Postia placenta and Trametes versicolor, were used to examine the effects of two fungicides, copper sulfate and azaconazole, on fungal health (as measured by oxygen consumption, glucose utilization, potassium levels, cell regeneration, and copper uptake). Although both cell systems responded to the...
Involving the public in wildlife management is important to achieve effective and acceptable policies. An accurate assessment of public opinion can be complicated by the public's prior knowledge, perceptions, and the method of public input used. This paper evaluates some factors which may have influenced a public involvement project the...
There are many combinatorial structures which can be regarded as complexes of certain basic
blocks. Familiar examples are involutions, finite graphs, and Stirling numbers of the first and
second kind. Generating functions for these complexes have special forms relating the number
of basic blocks to the number of complexes. Previous...
Alcoholic off-flavor and accompanying volatile compounds produced by
bananas (Cavendishii spp) held at 20°C and subjected to aerobic (air control
treatment) or anaerobic conditions (nitrogen treatment) were compared by solid
phase micro extraction (SPME), a newly developed method for volatile
separation. In general, volatile production was suppressed under anaerobic
The BEST (Benguela Source and Transport) project was designed to investigate the form
of the Benguela Current and ratio of the Aguhlhas Current and South Atlantic Current
source waters masses. The transport of the Benguela Current and its variability was
measured by a moored array of instruments, inverted echo sounders...
Length of survival of the monogenetic trematode Gyrodactylus stellatus in serum and mucus collected from English soles Pleuronectes vetulus at different stages of a laboratory epizootic suggests that both the mucus and serum may be involved in resistance to the parasite. In general, trematode survival was shorter in the serum...
This research examined the biology of barb goatgrass (Aegilops triuncialis L.) a weedy annual grass that is invading the rangelands of California. Germination and root growth characteristics of barb goatgrass were compared to soft chess (Bromis mollis L.), medusahead rye (Taeniatherum caput-medusae (L.) Nevski), slender wild oats (Avena barbata L.),...
The Douglas-fir needle midge can be a very destructive pest of
Douglas-fir. Infestation of new needles can be as high as 100 per-cent. Severe infestations can cause intolerable needle loss, and trees may take several years to recover. Needle loss is an especially serious problem in Christmas trees because of...
The results of 703 observations are given; most of these were made in the 1930's by James Macnab, Jane Claire Dirks-Edmunds, Dorothy McKey-Fender, and others. These results are the most comprehensive throughout the year for any site above 1,000 ft in Lincoln County and hint that bird communities at sites...
Blue mustard (Chorispora tenella) is a native of Russia or
southwest Asia. It first was documented in this country in
Lewiston, Idaho in 1929, and has spread throughout the
western plains states, the western portion of the United States,
and southern Canada.
Throughout the production cycle, sheep producers must know whether or not their sheep are in condition (too thin, too fat, or just right) for the stage of production: breeding, late pregnancy, and lactation.
Bulbous bluegrass is another example of an introduced
European plant that escaped to become weedy. The first reports
of its growth in the United States were experimental
plantings at Arlington, Virginia, in 1907, and one at Pullman,
Washington, at about the same time. It was produced commercially
in southern Oregon...
Backpack sprayers are relatively easy to use--and to misuse. The video shows basic sprayer components and how to use them appropriately. It also outlines how to calibrate the sprayer, calculate application rates, and mix pesticides.
Published January 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Published September 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
The seasonal life history of the cereal stem moth (CSM), Ochsenheimeria
vacculella Fischer von Roslerstamm, (Lepidoptera : Ochsenheimeriidae) was investigated
in a commercial field of annual ryegrass in the Willamette Valley, OR from January
1993 to August 1994. Phenology of life stages, effect of temperature on eclosion, and
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the overall
changes in concentration of plasma pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP), red blood cell PLP (rbc
PLP) and plasma glucose during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in persons with
diabetes mellitus (DM), and to test the hypothesis that the...
During the Cenozoic, tectonics in the Cuyama basin of the southeastern Salinian block changed from extension to strike-slip faulting to compression and rotation. During the Oligocene-early Miocene, the Cuyama basin was adjacent to the southern Mojave region and part of that extensional tectonic regime. Many present-day reverse faults have an...
This study examined features of deep pool (>0.8 m mean depth) used by
adult summer steelhead in Steamboat Creek (1991-1992). Steamboat Creek had
a heterogenous thermal profile, with some segments exceeding preferred
temperature of steelhead. Deep pools were scarce (4% of the total habitat units)
and 39% of them were...
Air and trace gases are exchanged between the stratosphere and the troposphere on a variety of scales; but general circulation models (GCMs) are unable to represent the smaller scales. It would be useful to see how a GCM represents stratosphere-troposphere exchange (STE), both to identify possible model deficiencies which would...
A novel protocol for the study of protein-nucleic acid interactions is presented and demonstrated
to be feasible. The protocol combines photochemical crosslinking techniques and mass
spectrometric methods into a new strategy for identifying protein domains or amino acid residues
that are in close contact with nucleic acid in protein-nucleic acid...
Revised November 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog