The connection between the fruit-set disorder Inflorescence Necrosis (IN) and high ammonium (NI14+) in affected tissues has led to an investigation of NH4+ assimilation enzymes (principally glutamine synthetase (GS) and glutamate synthase) in grape tissues. Previous work in this department has suggested that toxic levels of NH4+ build up in...
Degradation and release to solution of intracellular dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) from Emiliania huxleyi 370 was observed during grazing by the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Oxyrrhis marina in 24 h bottle incubations. Between 30 and 70 % of the lost algal DMSP was metabolized by the grazers without production of dimethylsulfide (DMS) when grazer...
The sorbed gases at all four Ocean Drilling Program Leg 139 sites (855, 856, 857, and 858) showed the unmistakable presence of thermogenic hydrocarbons. No indication of abiogenic gas was found. The evidence for the thermogenic hydrocarbons includes elevated contents of higher hydrocarbons (i.e., C₁/[C₂ + C₃] ca. 2-20), δ¹³CCH₄...
The shallow sections of most holes drilled during Ocean Drilling Program Leg 139 contain alkenones derived from prymnesiophyte algae. The alkenones indicate a paleotemperature of the photic zone in the upper ocean during primary carbon fixation of 7°-15°C, with an average of 10.7°C. Based on laboratory hydrous pyrolyses these alkenones...
Carbonate nodules and associated sediments from Ocean Drilling Program Leg 139 sites of the Middle Valley, Juan de Fuca Ridge, were studied using a combination of inorganic and organic geochemical techniques. The mineralogy and stable isotopic compositions defined three types of nodules, reflecting the conditions of carbonate precipitation. Nodule ingrowth...
Air and trace gases are exchanged between the stratosphere and the troposphere on a variety of scales; but general circulation models (GCMs) are unable to represent the smaller scales. It would be useful to see how a GCM represents stratosphere-troposphere exchange (STE), both to identify possible model deficiencies which would...
On Oregon coastal rocky shores, filter‐feeders were relatively abundant and macrophytes were relatively scarce at Strawberry Hill, whereas opposite abundance patterns occurred at Boiler Bay. To determine whether nearshore oceanographic differences were associated with these patterns, we made shore‐based measurements of nutrient and Chl a concentrations. We used a three‐level...
Although soil tillage has been used successfully to alleviate compaction of forest soil after logging in a number of management contexts, little is known about the feasibility of tilling in residual stands. In an attempt to weigh the benefits of tillage against possible damage done to residual trees during tillage,...
The northern Los Angeles basin is influenced by two structural styles: the west-trending compressional Transverse Ranges to the north, and the strike-slip Peninsular Ranges to the south. The interaction of these two structural styles has resulted in a complex fold fault belt at the northern margin of the Los Angeles...
Nisin, bacteriocin produced by Lactococcus lactis, Nisin may have the potential to replace (or reduce) sulfiting agents traditionally added to wines to prevent the growth of spoilage lactic acid bacteria. This may be valuable since sulfites are believed to cause toxic responses in sensitive individuals. As a result, the U.S....
The new varietal trial at SOES was monitored during the growing season and during ripening by David Sugar and Porter Lombard (see Winegrape Variety Trial in Southern Oregon). The 1993 vintage was a late ripening season and not all the varieties developed sufficient maturity for experimental wine production. Tempranillo, Viognier,...
Minimal pruning continues to look like a production system worthy of consideration in small scale commercial trials. In 1993, in a trial on Chardonnay at Woodhall vineyard, minimal pruning was compared to standard cane pruned vines on a vertical trellis. This was the second year of the trial.
We have measured voltage-current characteristics for YBa₂Cu₃O₇ thin films in magnetic fields from 5
T to ambient, including some in the millitesla range. In all cases, the resistivity —current density isotherms
can be separated into two classes: those which exhibit upward curvature, and have constant
resistivity at low currents, and...
"This workshop was held to allow both research and management fish biologists to openly discuss the results of several ongoing projects designed to improve the way Oregon manages its steelhead populations." (from the Introduction) The report uses an extended abstract format.
The divergence theorem as usually stated cannot be applied across a change of signature unless it is reexpressed to allow for a finite source term on the signature change surface. Consequently all conservation laws must also be ‘‘modified,’’ and therefore insistence on conservation of matter across such a surface cannot...
The divergence theorem in its usual form applies only to suitably smooth vector fields. For vector fields which are merely piecewise smooth, as is natural at a boundary between regions with different physical properties, one must patch together the divergence theorem applied separately in each region. We give an elegant...
Excessive growth by red clover, Trifolium pratense L., grown for seed
interferes with maximum seed production and harvest in Oregon's Willamette Valley.
This study was conducted during 1986 and 1987 on red clover cv. Kenland to
determine if plant height and dry matter production could be inhibited and seed yields...
In a conventional well-mixed fluidized bed the solids are almost
completely mixed and the residence time for individual particles may vary
between zero and infinity. For materials especially sensitive to the processing
time, a wide distribution of residence time is extremely undesirable. A multi-compartment
fluidized bed was proposed to minimize...
The study of the social dimensions of Shakespeare's art is represented by the work of Mikhail Bakhtin, C.L. Barber, Robert Weimann, Edward Berry, and Michael Bristol. Their work analyzes the background in Elizabethan social practices and popular dramatic traditions that contribute to the form, structure, and meaning of Shakespeare's comedies....
The Asian noodle market is responsible for the increased volume of wheat
imported to that region in recent years. Soft white wheat produced in the Pacific
Northwest is mainly used for baked products, whereas an Australian wheat,
Australian Standard White, is preferred for noodles. To enter this market soft
This thesis describes the analysis and comparison of Folded Source-Coupled
Logic (FSCL) with standard static CMOS, cascode voltage-switch logic and differential
split-level logic gates. The advantages of FSCL are low switching noise and
high operating speed. The effect of voltage and device scaling on these topologies is
evaluated in terms...
A mathematical model of Limiting Dilution Analysis for two limiting
parameters is presented and investigated. Limiting Dilution Analysis is a microbiological
cell assay developed for immunological application. In the given
case we deal with the interaction between B lymphocytes, macrophage derived
factor and T-independent antigens. The state of the art...
This study evaluates the effect of an Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) prevention program on the incidence of gonorrhea among the enlisted men in the 105th Battalion of the Honduran Army. The education program was initiated as a result of the high incidence of AIDS in Honduras (more than half...
Nine west-northwest-trending faults on the continental margin of
Oregon and Washington, between 43° 05'N and 470 20'N latitude, have been
mapped using seismic reflection, sidescan sonar, submersibles, and swath
bathymetry. Five of these oblique faults are found on both the Juan de Fuca
and North American plates, and offset abyssal...
Zora Neale Hurston was a Black American writer
during the period of the Harlem Renaissance. The
purpose of this study is to show that three of her four
novels form a protracted discussion of a particular
type of freedom which was of especial interest to
Hurston. The study seeks to...
Interspecific predation and cannibalism and associated rates of oviposition were
assessed for adult female Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) and Typhlodromus pyri
Scheuten when provided non-limiting amounts of either eggs, larvae, protonymphs, or
deutonymphs. Tests with all four stages of phytoseiids and larvae of Tetranychus urticae
Koch were carried out at 25°C....
Six experiments were carried out with Single Comb White Leghorn laying chickens to
assess the effect of feeding a source of direct-fed microbials (Lactobacillus; Lacto) and its
carrier [condensed cane molasses solubles (CCMS)] on the retentions of fat, nitrogen and
several minerals; on the status of the pH of the...
A synthetic approach toward the two major fragments of cathedulin K-19,
euonyminol (4) and dimethyl cathate (69), was investigated. Synthesis of
dimethyl cathate was accomplished in 3 steps starting from 73. Efforts directed
towards the synthesis of euonyminol, a highly oxygenated dihydroagarofuran
sesquiterpene, was advanced to a stage in which...
Bidirectional reflectance is a fundamental property
used for the analysis of radiative heat transfer. It is a
form of reflectivity in which the spectral and directional
dependencies of both the beam incident on a surface and the
beam reflected from the surface are specified.
A new system has been designed...
Sod-seeding techniques offer graziers a convenient way to introduce superior grass cultivars into underproductive permanent pastures. Production loss and erosion are minimized. In conjunction with improved grazing management and fertilization, renovation can significantly improve yield and quality of pastures. Existent vegetation must be suppressed prior to introducing new cultivars. This...
This paper provides logit estimates of the probability that students will
cheat in a specific class using randomized response and direct question data in
two logit models. The results predict that there are several indicators of the
probability of cheating occurring in a class. These factors include both student
The solution of coupled neutronic/thermal hydraulic nuclear reactor calculations
requires the treatment of the nonlinear feedback induced by the thermal hydraulic
dependence of the neutron cross sections. As a result of these nonlinearities, current
solution techniques often diverge during the iteration process. These instabilities arise
due to the low level...
More than 30,000 potential Superfund sites have been identified. Heavy metals are contaminants at many of these Superfund sites. The average cost of cleanup a single-typical Superfund site currently stands at $20 million, and it is expected that the cost may escalate to $50 million within the next decade. Problems...
Detailed subsurface structure contour maps and cross sections have shown the
northern Los Angeles basin to be underlain by a south facing monocline that is
complicated by secondary faults and folds. The monocline forms a structural shelf that
marks the northern boundary of the Los Angeles central trough. The monocline...
Stress analysis was performed to determine the maximum stress acting on a railcar coal support-bed, using COSMOS finite element and WFM micromechanics models. The fracture strength of polyurethane impregnated Kevlar 29 fabric, proposed for integration with the railcar structure, was determined experimentally by loading the impregnated coupons in a microcomputer...
The main source of the time-dependent behavior of fiber-reinforced composites is their polymeric matrix, which causes concerns about their long term durability. Although for composites where organic fibers such as Graphite are used, the fibers are also a contributing factor. A composite material may exhibit an appreciable amount of creep,...
A series of small break loss of coolant accident (SBLOCA) analyses in nuclear plant shutdown operations was simulated using the code RELAP5A,MOD3 version 8.0 to predict the SBLOCA phenomena in the Zion-l nuclear power plant The first objective is to study the impact of SBLOCA (1" and 2" breaks) on...
The disposition of four therapeutically important antimicrobial agents was studied in llamas following intravenous bolus administration. Six llamas were each given ampicillin, tobramycin, trimethoprim and enrofloxacin at a dose of 12 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg, 3 mg/kg and 5 mg/kg of body weight with a wash out period of 3 days...
Statistical analyses were used to develop predictive
models of rice blast and to relate the favorability of
environment to disease incidence and severity on different
rice cultivars at five sites in Asia. The WINDOW PANE
program was used to search for weather factors highly
correlated with blast. Stepwise and r-square...
Shrews previously recognized as Sorex monticolus were classified
into two species (one with 14 subspecies, the other monotypic) on
the basis of a morphometric analysis of 3610 individuals from
throughout their range. Sorex m. neomexicanus has been recognized
previously as a subspecies of Sorex monticolus but is recognized
With the increased demand for complex digital signal processing systems,
real-time signal processing requires higher throughput systems. In the past, the
throughput has been increased by increasing the clock rates, but
synchronization can become increasingly more difficult. Recently there has
been renewed interest in designing asynchronous digital systems. In an...
There are a number of well known techniques for extracting parallelism from a given program. They range from hardware implementations, building restructuring compilers or reorganizing of programs so as to specify all the available parallelism. The success rate of any of the known techniques is rather poor over all types...
TASKMASTER is an experimental microcontroller node of a real-time control
oriented network which was proposed by James H. Herzog and Tinggui Zhang to
demonstrate the feasibility of a task oriented control structure in performing distributed
control actions. This study is a continuation of research involving the TASKMASTER
Deforestation and forest fragmentation are the primary threats to the habitat
of endangered lion-tailed macaques, Macaca silenus, in Karnataka, India. Landsat
satellite images of northwest Karnataka, India, from 1977 and 1990 were analyzed.
Two study sites, measuring 16.35 x 19.14 km (31,213 ha) and 14.34 x 21.44 km (30,561
The purpose of this study was to compare Far Eastern
influences on Western women's dress as represented in both
a high fashion and mass fashion magazine between 1910 and
1925. Vogue was selected as the high fashion magazine and
Ladies Home Journal as the mass fashion magazine. The
Although nearshore macroinvertebrates are integral members of high
mountain lentic systems, knowledge of ecological factors influencing their
distributions is limited. Factors affecting distributions of nearshore
macroinvertebrates were investigated, including microhabitat use and
vertebrate predation, in the oligotrophic lakes of North Cascades National
Park Service Complex, Washington, USA, and the conformity...
An oscillating plasma glow discharge detector for gas
chromatography is used to obtain fingerprint information
about an analyte by combining both the average cell
current and oscillation frequency signals. Five homologs
each of the n-alkanes, 1-alkenes, 1-alkynes, 2-ketones and
aldehydes are studied. Although triplicate determinations
had some scatter due to...
The purpose of this study was to determine if the inferences derived from
the Kingore Observation Inventory as a screening device are sufficiently valid for
the identification of potentially gifted youngsters. Differences in predicting the
WISC-III Full Scale IQ scores and/or percentile ranks using the KOI were
The purpose of this study was to describe and explain significant mentor/protege
relationships in professional ministry education. Through an exploratory, naturalistic inquiry,
the mentoring phenomenon was studied inductively, culminating in a descriptive theory that
illuminated the variables and their interrelationships on the ministerial campus.
The multiple case study design accommodated...
The probing behavior and feeding activity of green peach aphid, Myzus persicae
Sulzer, on Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. tenebrionis- transgenic potatoes, insecticide
treated potatoes, and host plants with different preference were electronically
monitored. I found that first, transgenic potatoes had no effect on green peach aphid
probing suggesting that transmission of...
During the operation of phase-change ink-jet printers a bubble formation
phenomenon often occurs. These bubbles are detrimental to the operation of
the printer and substantial efforts are made to remove them. The objective of
this research was 1: to develop a fundamental understanding of how bubble or
void formation occurs...
Small commercial and non-commercial animal enterprises (SCAEs) raise a few
beef cows, horses, pigs, sheep, poultry, and other animals on a few acres. These
enterprises are often located in suburban areas of watersheds and show potential for
degrading water quality through to increased bacterial, nitrogen, and phosphorus
concentrations. SCAEs implement...
The topic of this thesis is to discuss an
investigation made for a fluid velocity measuring device.
The OSU thermal hydraulic testing facility is interested
in using a small probe to measure fluid velocities in the
annular region of a model nuclear reactor vessel. A
heater with a thermocouple embedded...
Ten high mountain ponds in Mount Rainier National Park, Washington State, were
studied from June through September 1992 to investigate the influences of fluctuating
pond volumes on zooplankton communities. A temporary pond of short wet phase
duration was inhabited by zooplankton taxa with short generation times and a crustacean
The study examined dimensions of the family context associated
with variations in parent involvement and parent perceptions of children's
school achievement using data from 1,085 male and 2,239 female
respondents with a child between the ages of 5 and 18 years collected in the
1987-88 National Survey of Families and...
The thesis analyzes the demographic, attitudinal and
behavioral characteristics of animal rights activists,
placing them in the context of resource policy. It is
argued that the animal rights movement combined the
Victorian critique of empiricism with a reaction to
modernity that was characteristic of other contemporary mass
movements. Animal rights...