Zora Neale Hurston was a Black American writer
during the period of the Harlem Renaissance. The
purpose of this study is to show that three of her four
novels form a protracted discussion of a particular
type of freedom which was of especial interest to
Hurston. The study seeks to...
Yellow toadflax (Linaria vulgaris) and Dalmatian toadflax (Linaria
dalmatica) are members of the figwort (Scrophulariaceae) family.
They were introduced into North America as ornamental plants because of their showy, snapdragon-like flowers. Yellow toadflax was brought from Wales in the mid-1800s as a garden flower by Ranstead, a Welsh Quaker who...
Yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis L.) is a member of the knapweed
(Centaurea L.) complex. It is poor forage for all livestock and causes
“chewing disease,” a nervous disorder, in horses. Yellow starthistle infests
millions of acres in California and the Pacific Northwest. Infestations range
from scattered plants to dense stands...
This report describes sediment testing done on the Yaquina River benthos between river miles 6 and 11 (a section between Yaquina and Toledo). The sediments were found to be safe for in-water disposal, thus enabling dredging to proceed.
Dedicated to recording, portraying, and indicting
the social inequities that he witnessed in nineteenth
century Victorian England, one of Charles Dickens' many
concerns was the roles assigned to women both in the
public and private spheres.
The purpose of this thesis is to examine the
narratives of Amy Dorrit and...
A sample of 1,003 women, age 22 in 1983-84 and age 27 in 1988-89, were
selected from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Personal, familial, and
geopolitical predictors of alcohol consumption were evaluated at each time period and
longitudinally. The study integrated macro- and micro-level influences to determine
The issue of Navy women in combat has been widely discussed
since women first served during World War I. In this paper I intend to
present the political, philosophical, and historical reasoning behind the
changing of the regulations to allow women in combat.
History shows that the Navy has faced...
The 18 winegrape varieties in this trial were in fifth leaf in 1994. Vines were pruned in February to either a Scott Henry (4 arms on a vertical trellis using two fruiting wires 12 inches apart at 30 and 42 inch height) or a guyot (a double arm on a...
Four year old vines of 18 varieties were cane pruned, trained to a Scott Henry, thinned before veraison, and harvested in October and November 1993. Two of the varieties, Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon, were used as standards. Only four varieties were spur pruned to reduce cropping or cluster size: Dolcetto,...
The natural fall of trees in riparian areas is an important source of coarse woody debris for mountain streams, improving fish habitat and influencing stream morphology. Existing models consider the probability of coarse woody debris entering a stream channel based upon trees having a random direction of fall without consideration...
Published March 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Agricultural scientists recognize farmer knowledge and experience can provide important contributions to the development of new agricultural technologies. However, insufficient use has been made of this valuable resource because farmer knowledge and experience are difficult to collect, quantify, and evaluate.
The protagonists in the fiction of Paule Marshall, Alice Walker, and Toni
Morrison illuminate American cultural perceptions of black women and illustrate how the
creators of these characters hope to change those perceptions. I studied Paule Marshall's
Daughters, Alice Walker's Meridian and The Color Purple, and Toni Morrison's The
Published January 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Seed size, abundance, viability, dormancy, and germination requirements strongly influence plant establishment and therefore are important considerations in restoration of native vegetation. These characteristics provide criteria for selection of suitable species, development of collection and pretreatment methods, and determination of seeding densities. The first set of objectives of this study...
This article is based on a total of 353 observations, many of which were systematic censuses.
At West Beaver Pond, Llewellyn made 225 observations of waterbirds during 1982-June 1993. He noted a total of 19 taxa; 53% were seen in five or more of the 10 years with many observations....
This article is based on a total of 204 observations, many of which were censuses.
Between Siletz River Mile (RM) 50.0 and 50.6, Llewellyn made 151 observations of waterbirds during 1981-1993. He noted a total of 12 species; most were seen during several years. Hooded and Common mergansers and American...
Water quality problems related to excessive algal
growth, high nutrient loading, and low flows have been
occurring along Oregon's Tualatin River. The Tualatin River
is 86 miles long and has a drainage basin of 711 square
miles. The drainage basin incorporates forest,
agricultural, and urban areas. Located in the Portland...
Population size of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp.
sepedonicus in potato cv Russet Burbank and plant response
as affected by drought were assessed in a greenhouse
experiment. Water deficit stress and no stress treatments,
and inoculum densities of 0 or 2 X 10⁷ cfu C. m.
sepedonicus/seed piece were arranged factorially. Stem...
Published September 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
This study addresses the relationship between thermal microfronts and coherent vortex structures in homogeneous turbulence. The turbulence is created by mean shear in a weakly stratified flow. The data set is generated by direct numerical simulation providing highly resolved instantaneous three‐dimensional fields of fluctuating velocity and temperature (1603 data points...
The Rattlesnake Ash-Flow Tuff erupted 7.05±0.01 Ma from the western Harney Basin, southeastern Oregon. The location of the vent area is inferred based on vent-ward increases in size of pumices, in degree of welding, and in degree of post-emplacement crystallization. Today's outcrops cover 9000 km2 and estimated original outcrop coverage...
A concept image is that collection of all images, pictures, symbols, definitions
and properties associated with any given mathematical concept. One of the
most important components in the mental representation of concepts in the concept
image of advanced mathematical thinkers is visualization. This component, in
turn, is indispensable in the...
During the last two years thrips have been suspected of causing shoot damage in the form of reduced leaf size and stunted vine growth in one vineyard in the Cave Junction area of Southern Oregon. While there can be several problems that can cause this symptom in grapes, it was...
Video Respite (VR) refers to a series of videotapes
designed to engage cognitively impaired individuals so
that caregivers can have opportunities for respite.
Previous work has evaluated the impact of VR with family
caregivers. This study assessed use of VR in special
care units (SCUs) for persons with dementia. The...
Vernalization plays a fundamental role in the adaptation of winter cereals to their growing environment by controlling their growth habit, thereby allowing them to escape cold injury. Because of the climatic conditions of the region, dry summers and wet winters, growers sometimes cannot plant all of their winter wheat in...
Genetic differences between early and late forms of
Alaskan chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were
identified using two genetic approaches: mitochondrial
DNA (mtDNA) analysis and protein electrophoresis. The
study populations consisted of early- and late-run chinook
salmon in each of the Kenai and Kasilof rivers in Alaska,
and a single population...
Contingent valuation has been used to elicit values
for changes in the quantity and quality of nonmarket
amenities. Yet hypothetically trading dollars for
environmental improvements is not a familiar activity for
most survey respondents. A variety of response effects
associated with survey collected data can potentially lead
to biased contingent...
Meyer's Canyon, a tributary of Bridge Creek in the John Day
Basin, is a deeply incised valley fill in northcentral Oregon. The
current channel is incised to the Cretaceous and Tertiary bedrock.
To determine the precedence of the current incision and the variation
and timing of depositional sequences, the sediments...
Published January 1973. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Forest recreation is one of the many non-commodity functions of forests that have
experienced a rapid growth in demand in the past few decades. Even faster growth in
demand for recreation is expected for several decades. However, such growing demand
for forest recreation is often not well perceived by owners...
Published March 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Published January 1994. Reprinted April 2007. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Two epidemiological studies, designed to expand our knowledge of morbidity and
mortality indicators concerning malaria and Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccination in the
Hospital Albert Schweitzer health district located in Central Haiti's Artibonite Valley, are
presented. The hospital serves a rural population of 190,000 in its 610 square mile
district. A large...
The main objective of this thesis was to determine the influence of tree vigor on susceptibility to Armillaria root disease. First, the effect of thinning, fertilizing
and pruning on tree vigor of four young Douglas-fir (Pseudo tsuga menziesii var.
menziesi,) plantations was explored. Tree vigor was calculated by measuring wood...
The goal of these experiments was to ensile combinations of shrimp or crab waste
with perennial ryegrass straw and analyze it for silage quality and ruminal degradability.
The rapid deterioration of seafood wastes required initial preservation prior to ensiling
to minimize odor production and protein breakdown. Eight experiments were conducted...
Published February 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
This paper investigates the atmospheric circulation and transport characteristics
of the Martian atmosphere (as modeled by a Mars GCM) for three sets of
conditions. The conditions are based on a combination of season and dust loading
(as parameterized by the optical depth, τ). The first experiment is for the Northern...
This paper presents two applications of empirical microeconomics
based on choice theoretic optimization principles. The first topic
explores the determinants of subsistence time allocation in a utility
theoretic model of household production. The second topic examines firm
pricing behavior in a deregulated, but concentrated industry setting.
The first part of...
Altimetric data from the TOPEX/POSEIDON mission will be used for studies of global ocean circulation and marine geophysics. However, it is first necessary to remove the ocean tides, which are aliased in the raw data. The tides are constrained by two distinct types of information: the hydrodynamic equations which the...
The purpose of this annotated bibliography is to guide middle school and high school students into critical thinking about environmental issues. Through keen observation of their bioregion and through an integration of interdisciplinary literature which focuses on Oregon writers, students will be challenged to think, write, and discuss current issues...
We have selected square subareas (110 km on a side) from coastal zone color scanner (CZCS) and advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) images for 1981 in the California Current region off northern California for which we could identify sequences of cloud-free data over periods of days to weeks. We...
Reprinted January 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Three-dimensional gravity analysis is the process of removing the predictable
components from the free-air gravity anomalies and has proven to be useful for
interpreting the subsurface structures and active processes at mid-ocean ridges. The
three-dimensional effects of the seafloor and Moho topography, assuming a constant
crustal thickness and constant crust...
The sorbed gases at all four Ocean Drilling Program Leg 139 sites (855, 856, 857, and 858) showed the unmistakable presence of thermogenic hydrocarbons. No indication of abiogenic gas was found. The evidence for the thermogenic hydrocarbons includes elevated contents of higher hydrocarbons (i.e., C₁/[C₂ + C₃] ca. 2-20), δ¹³CCH₄...
This study examined the teaching experiences of six elementary student
interns from Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR during fall and winter quarters,
1991. The primary intent of the study was to examine critically the roles and
effects of mind styles as applied in actual classroom instruction and learning, in
Abraham Heschel wrote that a philosopher's primary task was not merely to describe and judge the modes and facts of actual human behavior, but also to examine and understand the meaninq of those descriptions and judgements of modes and facts (Bella, 1978). Our values are critically tied to our structures...
Nisin, bacteriocin produced by Lactococcus lactis, Nisin may have the potential to replace (or reduce) sulfiting agents traditionally added to wines to prevent the growth of spoilage lactic acid bacteria. This may be valuable since sulfites are believed to cause toxic responses in sensitive individuals. As a result, the U.S....
Quantitative habitat models of wildlife-habitat relationships are developed to
formalize our current understanding about an ecological system. A habitat
association model is one of these models that is useful for answering questions
about how the habitat is occupied, how much growth habitat is required by the
animal, or how the...
The cell survival curve is the only means by which to both qualitatively and
quantitatively assess morphologic alterations directly resulting from in vitro irradiation of
the cell. A ⁶⁰Co cell survival curve experiment has successfully demonstrated the
response of the AtT-20 clone mammalian cell line to the effects of gamma...
Transitional areas between upland and aquatic habitats, commonly known as
wetland, were once viewed as unproductive areas and were drained for farming or
pasture. Wetlands are now accepted as significant ecological resources, and their
protection is a mandate of federal, state, and local land managers. Due to the
The study of the social dimensions of Shakespeare's art is represented by the work of Mikhail Bakhtin, C.L. Barber, Robert Weimann, Edward Berry, and Michael Bristol. Their work analyzes the background in Elizabethan social practices and popular dramatic traditions that contribute to the form, structure, and meaning of Shakespeare's comedies....
The wind speed and significant wave height (H1/3) dependencies of the sea state is in altimeter estimates of sea level, expressed in the form ∆hSSB=bH1/3, are examined from least squares analysis of 21 cycles of collinear TOPEX data. The bias coefficient b is found to increase in magnitude with increasing...
The Alaska Coastal Management Program (ACMP) is a networked program, using existing state and local authorities and intended to allow joint state-local management of coastal zone resources and uses. The State of Alaska has outlined broad program goals, and
the local governments were to specify how those goals and additional...
Cellular Manufacturing Systems (CMS) have provided
significant increase in manufacturing productivity over the
last two decades. This has been achieved because CMS can
overcome the problems due to frequent setups, high in-process
inventories, long throughput times and complex
planning and coordination commonly associated with a batch-type
manufacturing operation. The underlying...
The self-efficacy construct has been determined to be an effective method of
stimulating desired eating behavior in diabetics and obese adults and exercise behaviors in
pulmonary rehabilitation patients. Although the self-efficacy construct has been shown to
mediate eating habits, practical classroom application of the construct has been rarely used
This study examines empirically the relationship of value
orientation to meanspiritedness. Meanspiritedness (a collection of
acts, thoughts and/or attitudes which are intentionally malicious)
was defined and a scoring method was designed. The management
level of self-interest in individuals as indicated by their value
orientation and religious orientation was examined. Additionally,...
The present study examined the influence of the
demographic variables of age, gender, major in college, and
level of education or class standing on individuals' stage
of moral development. Trevino's interactionist model,
combined with the basic principles of cognitive moral
development, provided the theoretical basis for this study.
The divergence theorem in its usual form applies only to suitably smooth vector fields. For vector fields which are merely piecewise smooth, as is natural at a boundary between regions with different physical properties, one must patch together the divergence theorem applied separately in each region. We give an elegant...
Published April 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
More than 30,000 potential Superfund sites have been identified. Heavy metals are contaminants at many of these Superfund sites. The average cost of cleanup a single-typical Superfund site currently stands at $20 million, and it is expected that the cost may escalate to $50 million within the next decade. Problems...
This thesis proposes an approximate maximum likelihood estimator and
likelihood ratio test for parameters in a generalized linear model when two or
more random effects are present. Substantial progress in parameter estimation
for such models has been made with methods involving generalized least squares
based on the approximate marginal mean...
Many divorcing persons turn to treatment programs hoping for assistance in
managing the process of divorce. Treatment programs include individual as well as
group process models. One of the goals of most group process programs is to
generate peer support which in turn is hoped to facilitate the process of...
β-lactoglobulin (β-Lg), bovine serum albumin (BSA), α-lactalbumin
(α-Lac), and β-casein were adsorbed onto
silanized silica surfaces of low and high hydrophobicity
for 8 h, and β-Lg and BSA for 1 h. The surfaces were
incubated in buffer for 0, 5, 10, or 15 h and then contacted
with Listeria monocytogenes...
The hop (Humulus lupulus L.) is a dioecious, diploid (2n=2x=20) species. Triploid
hops (2n=3x=30) are easily obtained from tetraploid by diploid crosses and are preferred
because of their natural seedlessness and increased vigor. The female inflorescence is used
for flavoring beer. Because brewers require product consistency, the brewing characteristics
Anthesis of both staminate and pistillate flowers of Corylus occurs in midwinter. To
insure adequate pollination and nut set, these flowers must attain a sufficient hardiness
level to withstand low temperatures. This study estimated cold hardiness of Corylus
cultivars and species using laboratory freezing of shoots without artificial hardening. In...
This study examines the impact on Pacific Northwest
seafood exporters of the European Union Directive on packaging
and packaging waste management.
The study of the official text of the proposed Directive
was the starting point of our analysis. This allowed us to
give a presentation of the EU Directive and...