The main objective of this thesis was to determine the influence of tree vigor on susceptibility to Armillaria root disease. First, the effect of thinning, fertilizing
and pruning on tree vigor of four young Douglas-fir (Pseudo tsuga menziesii var.
menziesi,) plantations was explored. Tree vigor was calculated by measuring wood...
The main focus of this work is on the problem of existence of nonlinear optimal controllers
realizable by artificial neural networks. Theoretical justification, currently
available for control applications of neural networks, is rather limited. For example,
it is unclear which neural architectures are capable of performing which control
Nisin is an antibacterial peptide, which when adsorbed
on a surface can inhibit bacterial adhesion and viability.
The ability of noncovalently immobilized nisin to withstand
exchange by the milk proteins bovine serum albumin, β-lactoglobulin, α-lactalbumin, and β-casein on surfaces that
had been silanized with dichlorodiethylsilane to exhibit
high and low...
This research was conducted as part of the Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP)
A-003A contract at Oregon State University to validate the findings of SHRP contracts
A-002A and A-003B with regard to aging of asphalt-aggregate mixtures. One short-term
and four long-term aging methods were used to simulate aging of asphalt-aggregate...
Diode lasers have many advantages such as small size, high efficiency and small
angular dispersion of the collimated beam. However they also have some problems like
lack of frequency stability. They can not be tuned in wavelength. An external cavity can
solve these problems and decrease the laser linewidth.
The objectives of this research were to 1) evaluate the establishment and peak
standing crop of Berber Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata var. "Berber"), Palestine
Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata var. "Palestine"), and Sheep Fescue (Festuca ovina
var. "Covar") ; 2) to assess establishment and production changes resulting from
environmental gradients (elevation, slope, aspect,...
Altimetric data from the TOPEX/POSEIDON mission will be used for studies of global ocean circulation and marine geophysics. However, it is first necessary to remove the ocean tides, which are aliased in the raw data. The tides are constrained by two distinct types of information: the hydrodynamic equations which the...
Alias periods and wavelengths for the M2, S2, N2, K1, O1, and P1 tidal constituents are calculated for TOPEX/POSEIDON. Alias wavelengths calculated in previous studies are shown to be in error, and a correct method is presented. With the exception of the K1 constituent, all of these tidal aliases for...
The wind speed and significant wave height (H1/3) dependencies of the sea state is in altimeter estimates of sea level, expressed in the form ∆hSSB=bH1/3, are examined from least squares analysis of 21 cycles of collinear TOPEX data. The bias coefficient b is found to increase in magnitude with increasing...
In 1987, Congress authorized a 5 year $150 million dollar research program called
the Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP). SHRP was divided into four major
areas, including the asphalt research program. The asphalt research program was divided
into six major research contracts, one such contract, SHRP-003A was called Performance
A new method for encapsulating low-molecular weight, water-soluble substances
in lipid-walled microcapsules (LWMs) for delivery to marine bivalves was developed,
characterized, and tested. LWMs produced by a spray technique (spray microcapsules,
SMs) were demonstrated to encapsulate both aqueous (polymeric dye or oxytetracycline
hydrochloride) and particulate (riboflavin) core materials within a...
The incipient motion of sediment particles in gravel-bed
rivers is a very important process. It represents the
difference between bed stability and bed mobility. A field
study was conducted in Oak Creek, Oregon to investigate
incipient motion of individual particles in gravel-bed
streams. Investigation was also made of the incipient...
Forest recreation is one of the many non-commodity functions of forests that have
experienced a rapid growth in demand in the past few decades. Even faster growth in
demand for recreation is expected for several decades. However, such growing demand
for forest recreation is often not well perceived by owners...
The island of Tahiti, the largest in French Polynesia, comprises two major volcanoes aligned NW-SE, parallel with the general trend of the Society Islands hotspot track. Rocks form this volcanic system are basalts transitional to tholeiites, alkali basalts, basanites, picrites, and evolved lavas. Through K-Ar radiometric dating we have established...
This study explored perceptions of performance feedback communicated by
Japanese supervisors to their U.S. subordinates in Japanese subsidiaries in the U. S.
Individual face-to-face interviews were conducted with both Japanese supervisors and
U.S. subordinates and their responses were tape-recorded. The purpose of the study
was to assess perceptual similarities and...
Lichen sensitivity to air quality has been recognized in Europe
for over 125 years: recently Federal agencies in this country have
begun using lichens as air quality bioindicators. This study presents
the results of three different approaches to air quality biomonitoring
using lichens: (1) a lichen community analysis, (2) an...
There is renewed interest in agroforestry as a management strategy for marginal agricultural lands in western Oregon. Silvopastoral systems combine tree and
forage production, which involve crops and practices familiar to the area. The objective of this study was to determine how
management influences the physiology and ecological interactions of...
This thesis presents the design of various controllers for a highly maneuverable,
high performance aircraft, namely the modified F-18. The aircraft
was required to perform high angle-of-attack maneuvers, for which the aircraft
behaves in as a highly nonlinear system. An adaptive PID controller
was used to control the aircraft through...
This study investigated the job satisfaction of
elementary school counselors in the Pacific Northwest,
defined as Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. The purpose of
the study was to (a) describe current elementary counselor
characteristics, duties and functions; (b) determine the
overall level of job satisfaction of elementary school
counselors; (c) investigate...
This thesis asserts that faculty are the critical resource for the integration of distance
education by postsecondary institutions. The major barriers to the participation and
adoption of distance education center around faculty. This manuscript thesis incorporates a
series of articles to develop applied frameworks and strategies that place faculty at...
I have participated in a drug discovery program designed to screen marine algae for
inhibitors of cancer-related enzymes, antitumor compounds, antiinflammatory substances,
and other agents of potential pharmaceutical utility. Over 1,500 lipid and aqueous extracts
of marine plants and animals were surveyed for biomedical potential. Assays designed to
The gonadal steroids, testosterone and estradiol, are known to be important
modulators of neuronal functions and behaviors in most vertebrate species. These
steroid hormones also elicit changes in neuropeptide synthesis and secretion, alter
specific neurohormone receptor levels, and alter neuronal morphology and
electrophysiology. Many of the actions of androgens and...
Groundwater contamination on irrigated land is of concern in this nation
and around the world. In order to reduce the potential of groundwater
contamination by agricultural practices such as irrigation, fertilizer and pesticide
application, vadose-zone monitoring and sampling are needed. The main
objective of this study was to evaluate impacts...
We introduce a relativistic model for pion-nucleon scattering which includes an elementary
delta dressed by its decay. Crossing-symmetric single-particle exchange
is augmented by parametrized multiple-scattering interactions, with covariant sideways
form factors in both 3- and 4-field vertices. Causality is enforced by dispersion
relations. Unitary fits to observed on-shell amplitudes are...
Maize defective kernel (dek) mutants identify genes necessary for the
successful passage of embryos through the embryogenic and maturation
phases of embryo development. The goal of this thesis was to characterize the
developmental potential of three dek mutants that appeared to be
morphologically blocked prior to the maturation phase of...
Multiparadigm languages are languages that are designed to support more than one style of programming. Leda is a strongly-typed multiparadigm programming language that supports imperative, functional, object-oriented, and logic programming. The constraint programming paradigm is a declarative style of programming where the programmer is able to state relationships among some...
The effects of harvesting Pacific hake (Merluccius productus)
were examined with a multi-species numerical model composed of
seven logistic growth equations coupled by a food web. The
food web was composed of: California sea lions (Zalophus
californianus), hake, sablefish (Anaplopoma fimbria), spiny
dogfish (Squalus acanthias), a generic rockfish species
The mammalian FMO represents a multigene family which
oxygenates a large number of xenobiotics. No physiological role has
been determined for FMO, although synthesis of disulfide bonds and
detoxification of dietary chemicals have been suggested. Five FMO
gene subfamilies, each containing a single gene, have been identified.
In this study,...
Stochastic analysis procedures have been recently applied to analyze nonlinear
dynamical systems. In this study, nonlinear responses, stochastic and/or chaotic, are
examined and interpreted from a probabilistic perspective. A multi-point-moored
ocean structural system under regular and irregular wave excitations is analytically
examined via a generalized stochastic Melnikov function and Markov...
Sampling error associated with estimates of species composition and age composition
of commercial groundfish landings in Oregon from 1989 to 1991 is documented to evaluate
the impact of variable landing data on fisheries management and monitoring programs. The
statistical reliability and bias associated with two multistage sampling designs are
The studies presented here use the B- to Z-DNA transition and Z-DNA
crystallization as model systems to determine the contribution of solvent interactions to
macromolecular structures. The substituent groups of naturally occurring and modified
nucleotide bases affect the hydration and thus the stability of right-handed B-DNA and
left-handed Z-DNA. The...
Although soil tillage has been used successfully to alleviate compaction of forest soil after logging in a number of management contexts, little is known about the feasibility of tilling in residual stands. In an attempt to weigh the benefits of tillage against possible damage done to residual trees during tillage,...
Data from the Hydrological and Atmospheric Pilot Experiment-Modélisation du Bilan Hydrigue (HAPEX-MOBILHY) field program and results from a one-dimensional model of the soil and atmospheric boundary layer are analyzed to study the daytime evolution of the relative humidity at the boundary layer top. This evolution is thought to control the...
Carbon isotopically based estimates of CO₂ levels have been generated from a record of the photosynthetic fractionation of ¹³C (≡εp) in a central equatorial Pacific sediment core that spans the last ~255 ka. Contents of ¹³C in phytoplanktonic biomass were determined by analysis of C37 alkadienones. These compounds are exclusive...
Alcoholic off-flavor and accompanying volatile compounds produced by
bananas (Cavendishii spp) held at 20°C and subjected to aerobic (air control
treatment) or anaerobic conditions (nitrogen treatment) were compared by solid
phase micro extraction (SPME), a newly developed method for volatile
separation. In general, volatile production was suppressed under anaerobic
Oregon's rocky intertidal habitats have been subjected to gradually increasing human-use pressures as the coastal and tourist populations have risen over the years. Brosnan and Crumrine (1991,1992) have documented impacts to intertidal communities at Yaquina Head, Sunset Bay, and Haystack Rock that have resulted from people walking on the intertidal...
This study investigated the effect of plant surface
area (plant density) on the efficiency of organic carbon
removal in a bench-scale constructed wetland.
Constructed wetlands are commonly assumed to be biofilm
reactors in which organic carbon removal occurs primarily
through sedimentation and aerobic degradation by attached
microbial biofilms. In conventional...
Rotating machine play an important role in modern technology. Compressors in
ventilating and cooling systems, pumps in power generation facilities, as well as high
speed computer are all examples of flexible rotating machinery that must remain functional
during and after a sever earthquake. Recent earthquakes have demonstrated that an
Current research on sport motivation has focused primarily on
goal perspective approaches in an attempt to understand behavior in
achievement situations (Ames, 1984; Nicholls, 1984). According to
Nicholls' (1984) theory, the achievement goal orientation an
individual develops may be influenced by both individual differences
and situational factors.
Relative to situational...
The Sultanate of Oman has 1700 km of coastline extending from the Arabian Gulf
south to the Arabian Sea. The demersal fish distributions and assemblages have not previously
been well defined. In winter, variations in the oceanography of the area are minimal. In
summer, however, the Arabian Sea is strongly...
This thesis proposes an approximate maximum likelihood estimator and
likelihood ratio test for parameters in a generalized linear model when two or
more random effects are present. Substantial progress in parameter estimation
for such models has been made with methods involving generalized least squares
based on the approximate marginal mean...
Issues of right to life, as well as death have surfaced as topics of hot debate. In particular, questions about when and if individuals have the right to end their own lives have emerged and gained considerable attention as health policy issues having the potential to affect all Americans..
Fermentation of the grape must into wine is one of the most important steps in winemaking. Selected yeast strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been used for many years to ensure complete and even fermentations. The formation of volatile compounds also occurs during fermentation and will influence the sensory perception of...
Anthesis of both staminate and pistillate flowers of Corylus occurs in midwinter. To
insure adequate pollination and nut set, these flowers must attain a sufficient hardiness
level to withstand low temperatures. This study estimated cold hardiness of Corylus
cultivars and species using laboratory freezing of shoots without artificial hardening. In...
Despite the fact that fishing is an inherently uncertain business, risk has rarely
been formally recognized in fisheries science or management. Few fishery
management plans include any form of risk assessment and those that do focus on
minimizing risk caused by uncertainty associated with markets and environmental
conditions. Fishermen's attitudes...
Monoclonal antibodies (MCA) produced against infectious
laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) of chickens reacted in
western blotting experiments with several different ILTV
protein bands in the absence of tunicamycin which inhibits
carbohydrate synthesis. Most of the MCA lost their
reactivity in western blotting experiments when extracts of
tunicamycin-treated ILTV CELC were used,...
Lorentz forces provide a unique method for the control and mixing of gas
flows without the physical intrusion of objects into the flow. Lorentz forces arise
when an electric current is passed through a volume in the presence of a magnetic
field. The interaction between the electric current and the...
The adsorption kinetics exhibited by selected charge mutants of T4 lysozyme at
silanized silica surfaces were monitored with in situ ellipsometry. Mutant lysozymes were
produced by substitution of lysine (Lys) with glutamic acid (Glu). Each substitution
resulted in a decrease in the net charge of the protein by 2 units....
Infrageneric classification in Ribes has previously relied on a few, often
conflicting, morphological markers, such as spines, glands, and inflorescence
morphology. Suggestions that hybridization drives the evolution of the genus have
not been tested using phylogenetic methods. To assess the validity of infrageneric
classifications and the importance of hybridization to...
The seasonal life history of the cereal stem moth (CSM), Ochsenheimeria
vacculella Fischer von Roslerstamm, (Lepidoptera : Ochsenheimeriidae) was investigated
in a commercial field of annual ryegrass in the Willamette Valley, OR from January
1993 to August 1994. Phenology of life stages, effect of temperature on eclosion, and
This study examined features of deep pool (>0.8 m mean depth) used by
adult summer steelhead in Steamboat Creek (1991-1992). Steamboat Creek had
a heterogenous thermal profile, with some segments exceeding preferred
temperature of steelhead. Deep pools were scarce (4% of the total habitat units)
and 39% of them were...
This paper seeks to answer whether problems in intercultural communication
contribute to difficulties in wood products trade between the United States and Japan. It
summarizes the more commonly heard complaints about the current state of this trade
flow, including trade barriers and product specifications. It then offers a list of...
Trained male cyclists (6 in study 1, 5 in study 2) cycled to exhaustion (EXH) at
75% of VO₂ max twice; once in the non-supplemented (NS) state and once in the vitamin
B-6 (B-6)(20 mg PN) supplemented (S) state. The diet contained 2.3 mg B-6 in study 1
The hop (Humulus lupulus L.) is a dioecious, diploid (2n=2x=20) species. Triploid
hops (2n=3x=30) are easily obtained from tetraploid by diploid crosses and are preferred
because of their natural seedlessness and increased vigor. The female inflorescence is used
for flavoring beer. Because brewers require product consistency, the brewing characteristics
This correlational study examined the perceptions of 45
pairs of masters-level intern students and their field-site
supervisors from the perspective of their supervisory working
alliance and a specific personality characteristic, optimism-pessimism.
Supervisory pairs completed the Supervisor or
Supervisee Demographic Questionnaire, the Working Alliance
Inventory Revised, the Supervisory Working Alliance
In November 1990, Oregon voters approved Ballot Measure 5,
placing an ultimate ceiling on local property tax rates of 1.5% of
market value (excluding specific levies for capital expenditure). Any
resulting shortfalls in local education revenues are to be made up by
transfers from state funds, at the expense of...
The decay of a downward propagating near-inertial wave was observed over four days. During this short period, the energy of the near-inertial wave decreased by 70%. The shear layers produced by the wave were regions of enhanced turbulent dissipation rates. The authors estimate that 44% of the observed change in...
Yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis L.) is a member of the knapweed
(Centaurea L.) complex. It is poor forage for all livestock and causes
“chewing disease,” a nervous disorder, in horses. Yellow starthistle infests
millions of acres in California and the Pacific Northwest. Infestations range
from scattered plants to dense stands...
Published November 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
This document recreates an historically valuable report prepared by George A Bright in 1914 It
describes an extensive reconnaissance of the Wenaha National Forest that Bright completed in
1913 In addition to narratives about the natural resources, existing uses, and management
opportunities of the Forest, the report includes 42 black-and-white...
This study relates surface fluxes to remotely sensed variables over well-defined variations of surface wetness and vegetation. The surface fluxes are estimated from repeated Twin Otter aircraft flights at 33 m above the surface after correcting for advection and local storage between the aircraft level and the surface. An extensive...
Practical hydrostatic ocean models are often restricted to statically stable configurations by the use of a convective adjustment. A common way to do this is to assign an infinite boat conductivity to the water at a given level if the water column should become statically unstable. This is implemented in...
The divergence theorem in its usual form applies only to suitably smooth vector fields. For vector fields which are merely piecewise smooth, as is natural at a boundary between regions with different physical properties, one must patch together the divergence theorem applied separately in each region. We give an elegant...
Published November 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Revised November 1994. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Augmented term rewriting (ATR) is a simple, uniform, and extensible computational model for constraint programming. Unfortunately, ATR cannot solve combinatorial constraint satisfaction problems (CCSPs). To enable solution of CCSPs, we introduce (don't know) nondeterminism into ATR via the choice expression, which identifies a set of possible values that may satisfy...
Yellow toadflax (Linaria vulgaris) and Dalmatian toadflax (Linaria
dalmatica) are members of the figwort (Scrophulariaceae) family.
They were introduced into North America as ornamental plants because of their showy, snapdragon-like flowers. Yellow toadflax was brought from Wales in the mid-1800s as a garden flower by Ranstead, a Welsh Quaker who...
This report describes current meter measurements from an experiment to measure the deep western boundary current that carries dense water from the Antarctic to the Pacific Ocean. The field measurements were conducted as part of a joint two year experiment by Oregon State University, Texas A&M University, Woods Hole Oceanographic...