Building upon Deci and Ryan's (1985, 1991) self-determination theory as well as
previous empirical work on motivation, the present study was designed to develop a
multifaceted 31-item Exercise Motivation Scale (EMS). A series of pilot studies were
first conducted in order to generate the 31 scale items. The EMS was...
This qualitative study describes and interprets the interactions of participants in a
community college writing class delivered by computer-mediated communication
(CMC). The class represented a best practice model of learner-centered instruction in a
CMC class. The description and the discussion are framed by five aspects of CMC
instruction: (1) context;...