This paper presents a model of the determination of excise tax rates by studying the
substantial variation in the state excise taxes in the U.S. brewing industry. Two
approaches are used. First, assuming that the government is only interested in the public
interest, a socially optimal tax rate is derived....
Upper Klamath Lake in southern Oregon has two species of lacustrine suckers,
Lost River sucker Deltistes luxatus and shortnose sucker Chasmistes brevirostris that
were historically abundant. Results of surveys performed in the mid-1980's indicated that populations of both species were declining and ageing with apparent recruitment failure in most years...