The disposal of dead birds on the average specialized poultry farm often
becomes a burdensome problem that is not satisfactorily handled. The average annual
mortality of poultry in the United States is about 20 percent. On a poultry
farm with 2000 laying birds, therefore, one may expect to lose about...
The objective of the thesis is to present data upon which the management of the Oregon otter-trawl fishery can be based. In addition, a history of the Oregon trawl fishery is presented. A summary of gear development by many of the vessels in the Oregon fleet is presented in table...
The small size of the average plywood mill, and the wide spread of markets, has fostered the growth of independent wholesalers, or jobbers, as the main distribution channel for softwood plywood. Jobbers buy directly from mills, or indirectly through sales agents representing mills, and in turn sell to retail outlets....
The physico-chemical reactions of ammonia in soils and clays have many practical and theoretical implications. On the one hand, large quantities of anhydrous ammonia are used annually in agriculture for fertilizer; the dry gas is applied directly to the soil by simply injecting it below the ground surface. On the...
Representative sites of the Dayton, Woodburn, Jory,
Quillayute, Astoria, Willamette, Walla Walla, Deschutes, Laki and
Owyhee soil series were investigated for seasonal changes in exchangeable
potassium in air dry samples. No consistent seasonal
variations were found which could be attributed to wetting and drying
in the field. Cropping reduced the...
Application of automatic production techniques to the fabrication
of semiconductor devices has been somewhat limited by the requirements
of conventional alloying techniques. These alloying techniques
require an excessive amount of individual handling.
This thesis investigates the feasibility of applying percussive
welding to the fabrication of metal-semiconductor contacts, as a
The Chelan Valley is one of several valleys located on the eastern slope of the Cascade Mountains contributing to the leadership of Washington in apple production. Since the nature of the activity in the Chelan Valley is typical of all these producing areas,it was selected as a case study of...
Purpose of the Study:
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Oregon State University undergraduate elementary education program. More specifically, the investigation sought answers to the following questions:
1. What are the graduates' judgments of pertinent areas of the
elementary teacher education program?
2. To what extent does...
Purpose of the Study: The purpose of this research was to present a documentary analysis of school district reorganization in Oregon during the period from August 2O, 1957, to July 1, 1964, and to develop a plan for further school district reorganization for Oregon. The major elements of this study...
A study was made to determine and examine the economics of
the mechanical harvest of tomatoes in the Salinas Valley of California.
To achieve this objective, it was necessary to detail the related cultural requirements of the machine harvested crop to the extent they budget technique, two economic models; one...
Examination of a proposed reaction scheme to prepare bicyclo-(2.2.0)hexan-1-ol produced the first known condensation of an
enamine with its carbonyl precursor. Hydrolysis of the resulting
dienamine gave an unusual conjugated cyclobutenone in which the
double bond is exocyclic. Characterization and reactions of the
cyclobutenone were successfully carried out.
The principal salinity extrema and extremum surfaces of the
world ocean are described by the analysis and plotting of data from
885 hydrographic stations in the three major oceans, the Southern
Ocean, and the American Mediterranean Sea. The distributions of
salinity, temperature, depth, and density along the extremum surfaces,
The problem of this thesis is the existence of an anomalous manorial landscape in northern Fauquier County, Virginia. The county is about 45 miles southwest of Washington, D. C. The thesis seeks to develop a hypothesis to explain the existence of this landscape so different from surrounding areas in a...
The problem of this thesis is to evaluate small tracts of public
domain land as to their best use in an area where the Bureau of Land
Management desires to terminate managerial responsibilities. The
area chosen is located in the Prineville District, Bureau of Land
Management and is within the...
In previous research, bromacil gave good performance when
it was applied in early fall with fairly dry soil conditions and before
the fall germinating weeds had started growth. On the other hand,
if bromacil was applied in late November, December, or January
on nearly saturated soil with weeds that had...
One of the most serious problems confronting modern America
is the efficient and rational utilization of the recreation resource base,
not only in terms of present demands and needs, but future as well.
The resource manager, in the past, has had few guidelines from
which to determine the type and...
The purpose of this thesis is to examine the methods and criteria
developed for rating actual and potential agricultural land in the
United States. It is motivated by the apparent increasing competition
for quality space created by the expanding population, and by the belief
that land rating and classification are...
The retirement center is the new pattern of settlement in
Oregon. A few years ago there were no modern living accommodations
in the state especially designed for people in the retired category.
As to July 1966 development organizations have thirteen centers
in operation and over 4,000 people are in residence....
The nonagricultural lands of the world are being called upon today to satisfy tremendous
demands from society at all levels of economic development. Until recently, costs of management
of many of these lands were too high to warrant appreciable management investment for
the relatively low yields. Society is beginning to...
A study was undertaken in the Marys Peak watershed with the
following objectives. First, a classification of the major plant communities
was carried out. Second, some of the ecological features
of Acer circinatum that account for its distribution within these
communities were determined. The following plant communities
The Pacific Coast form of Douglas-fir in natural forest succession
is an intermediate species thriving in the Coast Range and
Cascade Mountains of the Pacific Northwest. This species constitutes
26 percent of the standing timber in the United States, and 24 percent
of the nation's annual timber harvest. Characteristics of...
Temporal and spatial patterns of daytime cloudiness in the
Willamette Valley of Oregon were studied by utilizing monthly and
daily sky cover data published by the U. S. Weather Bureau for the
Portland, Salem, and Eugene stations. The 15-year period, 1949
through 1963, was selected as the maximum reliable period...
An attempt was made to demonstrate isozymic forms of esterase,
MDH, LDH and GPDH and the variation in enzyme pattern with increasing
age in the thoracic muscle, appendage muscle and hemolymph
of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana. Sampled specimens
of both sexes were aged one through seven days, two weeks...
The Upper Napa Valley land use system is presently
agricultural and epitomized by vineyards of quality wine grapes. As
the San Francisco Bay Urban Area continues to expand the Upper
Napa Valley is brought into closer proximity to the urban margin,
and its agricultural usefulness is being threatened. Whether the...
The purpose of this thesis is to examine the problem of the
increasing competition between recreation and irrigation at Wallowa
Lake. Originally Wallowa Lake was an abundant source of fish for
the Indians but the advent of irrigation in the area by the early settlers eliminated the blueback salmon (oncorhynchus...
Characterization of the enzymatic activity of the ionocyte
(mitochondria-rich cell) in the gill epithelium of Oncorhynchus
tshawytscha was explored.
1. A method for estimating the enzymatic activity per cell for
tissues is described.
2. The DNA content per cell for nucleated erythrocytes (O. tshawytscha) was determined to be 9.47 x...
In view of recent developments in large-scale,
complex digital systems, it is of interest to broaden
the study of two-leveled logical systems to the study of
three-leveled systems. This paper introduces the ternary
logic system and develops a design approach for
ternary digital systems that is based on familiar binary...
The merits of the photoelastic coating technique as applied to
wood were evaluated. Comparative tests were made on 12 nominal
two-by-four Douglas Fir boards. The object of these tests was to
determine the limitations of this technique, such as accuracy and
complexity of experimental procedure. Correlation of the experimental
This investigation was designed to compare the growth in attitudes
toward science and the critical thinking abilities of high
school juniors in chemistry to juniors not enrolled in chemistry.
One hundred and fifty-three chemistry students and 149 non-chemistry
students were randomly selected to participate in the study.
Criterion tests used...
Sporadic outbreaks of diacetyl off-flavor in beer are a serious
economic problem to the brewing industry. Studies were carried out
in an attempt to improve the understanding of the problem and to experiment
with new ways of controlling this defect.
The Owades and Jakovac method of diacetyl determination as
In intensive forest management, one important objective is maximum return on capital invested, or more generally, the most complete utilization of any site as is possible, financially and/or
biologically. One parameter associated with a forest stand, density, is a measure of biological utilization of the site and may be subjected...
The purpose of this paper is to present a cursory review of the theory and principles of point sampling, and to offer some practical proposals on the possibility of its introduction to the forest of Liberia.
The impacts of modern limited-access highways on the spatial distribution of non-agricultural development, and their influence in the shaping of occupancy patterns, are far-reaching and should be of eminent concern to all Americans. The location of the Interstate routes, with 80 percent of their 41,000 miles crossing rural localities, renders...
The thesis presented here is a quantitative study of vacant
urban land in Corvallis, Oregon. In order to present this study the
writer first studied the available literature and found that little had
been published dealing with causal factors of vacant urban land.
Rather, it was found that several writers...
An index suitable for measurement of the
diversity of agricultural land use is developed. This
index is based on a principle of measuring the deviation
of a distribution from an even distribution and is similar
to indexes employed to measure diversity in manufacturing
The index is applied to the thirty-six...
Township 40 South, Range 14 1/2 East, within the Klamath Basin in south central Oregon has been chosen for analysis in reconstructing vegetation. Both the present and the pre-settlement vegetative cover are depicted on maps, and the methods and sources utilized to reconstruct pre-settlement vegetation are reviewed. The term "pre-settlement"...
From the time when fluoroscopic screens were first used there
have been scattered references to reduction in their light output due
to age, use, etc. References are scarce and usually devoid of
quantitative data. A long-range program has been set up in an effort
to arrive at some meaningful information....
The present status of plastics is one of constant change, but
this thesis attempts to focus attention on the state of the industry as of
1967. Beginning with a brief title definition and history of plastics,
the writer proceeds to a discussion on the structural characteristics
of plastics. Under this...
Developing sea urchin eggs (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus),
reared at 15° C, were subjected to single 15-minute treatments with
disodium versenate in calcium-free sea water, applied at 10-minute
intervals, from 4 minutes after insemination to the second cleavage.
These versene pulses produced specific degrees of retardation in
the mitotic process and delayed...
The Corvallis "urban area" has been selected for the
research problem at hand. Primary concern lies with forecasting
a 1985 arrangement of single-family residences. A model is developed
to simulate the 1968-1985 process of residential expansion outside
of the present city limits. Results of the simulation are summarized
A gas chromatographic procedure was developed for the determination
of nanogram quantities of hydrocyanic acid using a
flame ionization detector. Excellent chromatograms were obtained
on a porous polyaromatic polymer column (Porapak Q) at 60°C. The
procedure was employed for the analysis of HCN in aqueous cyanide
solutions. Solutions as low...
Solubility studies on the heavy metal sulfides in liquid hydrogen
sulfide at room temperature were carried out using the isopiestic
method. The results were compared with earlier work and with a
theoretical result based on Raoult's Law. A relative order for the
solubilities of sulfur and the sulfides of tin,...
The Timoshenko beam theory, as an engineering alternative to
the elementary and exact theories, introduces a factor, k', called
the shear coefficient which has been given various interpretations and
values. It is the objective of this study to experimentally evaluate
k' for a brass bar of rectangular cross-section.
The effects of round, square, and reentrant entrances on flow
regimes and local heat transfer coefficients were determined using a symmetrical,
plane-wall two-dimensional, subsonic air diffuser with one
of the diverging walls heated and maintained isothermal.
Flow and heat transfer studies were made at total divergence
angles ranging from 0...
It is the purpose of this paper to review the literature on computer simulation in forest management, and to present the adaptation of a stand model to Douglas fir as part of the development of a forest management simulation model.
The effects of boundary geometry on internal density currents
in a density stratified reservoir were investigated in a laboratory
model. When water was simultaneously withdrawn and admitted to
the reservoir, a complex current regime was established. The general
flow pattern is described, and the influence of physical variables
Cultivated lilies include many garden varieties in addition to
the Easter lily, Lilium longiflorum Thunb. A popular member of
the garden group is Lilium speciosum Thunb., whose leaves can be
discolored by a virus symptom described as streak mottle. This
disorder is characterized by dashes of chlorotic tissue interspersed
This research is an effort to appraise the results of the 1963
legislation, especially in terms of the spatial aspect. Has it achieved
the desired purpose? How many, and what size of farms are involved?
Where are these farms located?
The research field work resulted in a definitive map showing...
Taking advantage of a favorable physical system but also risking the hazards of flooding, man has long occupied flood plain land. He has attempted to adjust rivers to his needs in order to reduce flood loss, but the rising cost of flood protection accompanied by an increase in flood damage...
Moisture has long been identified as one of the major
limiting factors in the distribution of agricultural land use practices.
However, the importance of any environmental element can only be
determined by considering how it is affected by its relationship with
other elements of the environment. Thornthwaite's moisture index
Recreational resources of the Owyhee Breaks
Recreation Area are almost all of the extensive type such
as sightseeing, hunting, pleasure boating and rockhounding.
However, because of the increasing use both
past and projected, it is imperative that facilities be developed
to make these areas more useable and more enjoyable
Re searchers have long tried to correlate weather factors with plant disease occurrences. However, inconclusive results have usually been obtained because most plant diseases have biologic as well as climatic optimums.
In this study, thirty weather variables were correlated, by the stepwise regression method in a computer, to the amount...
PART I. A chemical examination of the materials toxic to fish in
kraft pulp mill wastes has been made as part of a water pollution
study. Thirty gallons of "foul condensate" from a typical kraft mill
gave 14 g of organic material when extracted with methylene chloride,
and an additional...
Some kinetics of the oxygen requirement of amine oxidases
have been investigated using bovine plasma monoamine oxidase (PAO)
and pea seedling diamine oxidase (DAO). A system is described for
studying enzyme reactions under controlled oxygen tension and in an
O₂-free N₂ atmosphere.
O₂ Km values were determined at two different...
At the time of the inception of this study in September 1968, the plywood market appeared to be taking a strong reversal of its general trend over the last 20 odd years. This prompted the author to decide to study the plywood market and its pricing structure to see if...
The concentrations of iodophor necessary to reduce the activity
of several metabolic enzyme systems 50 percent was used as the
basic approach in attempts to elucidate the mechanism of germicidal
action of iodine. For comparisons, a chlorine-releasing germicide
(Trichlorocide) and a quaternary ammonium compound were also
tested. It was found...
This thesis deals with the output statistics of nonlinear devices.
It develops the classical output autocorrelation function in two dimensions
and extends the theory to three and four dimensions. Closed
form solutions for the output correlation function in two and three
dimensions are given for the full- and half-wave rectifier...
The use of bromoxynil (3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxybenzonitrile)
to control broadleaf weeds in cereal crops has become widespread.
This herbicide has not always performed satisfactorily for reasons
which were not clearly evident.
The effects of temperature, light and humidity on the herbicidal
activity of bromoxynil on coast fiddleneck, Amsinckia intermedia,
were studied. Fiddleneck...
This report deals with forestry in Korea in its various aspects and what has been done about forestry problems in Korea.
The ratio of forest land to total area of country is so high
that it is sometimes compared to Finland's, but the similarity with Finland stops there.
Seven one-square-mile areas were selected to test the notion
that there is a general intensification of agriculture as farm land
becomes more valuable. The Tualatin Valley adjacent to a large expanding
population center was selected because the land values in this
valley are increasing faster than are those of average...
An attempt is made to determine whether
or not property value appreciation on land adjacent to an
expanding urban center is related to distance from the
city and to identify the temporal variation in this relationship.
The results of simple linear regression strongly
suggest that property value appreciation and distance...
The relationships between infant mortality
and four socio-economic factors were determined for
the United States using visual comparisons of isopleth
maps and linear regression analysis. The four socioeconomic factors were per capita income, the percent of the population that is Negro, the per cent of the population that has a...
The United States Air Force uses a test constructed by Air
Force personnel to test all individuals seeking entrance into Air
Force officer training programs. This test is titled "The Air Force
Officer Qualifying Test" (AFOQT). There are two major classes of
candidates who are required to take the test:...
Electrocardiograms from 12 compressed male (CM), 16 compressed
female (CF), ten synthetic compressed female (SCF), nine
brachycephalic female (BF), and 15 dolichocephalic female (DF)
dwarfs from Davis, California, taken in the scapular lead S-II (prescapular
position positive and right forelimb negative) were analyzed,
The data on dwarf electrocardiograms were compared...
Experiments were conducted to determine survival, growth, and accumulation of HEOD (major component of dieldrin) in the tissues of steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri) embryos, alevins, and fry exposed to dieldrin concentrations ranging from 0.012 to 52 ppb. The fish were held in specially designed exposure chambers provided with continuously renewed...
Published April 1970. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Since the mid-1950's, when Western Kraft Corporation
began operation of a pulp and paper processing plant north of Albany,
Oregon, inhabitants of the Albany area have faced an air pollution
This study is an attempt to add empirical substance to the complaint
that air pollution reduces land values. The...
Few Americans are aware of the tremendous
recreation potentials along the banks of the Intracoastal
Waterway, mainly because they are unaware of
the existence and extent of the toll-free Waterway.
This study attempts to categorize and locate some of
the attractions that can be explored along the two
The land tenure system in the United States contains a variety
of tenure types. A major characteristic of this tenure system is the
continual change of tenure types within a given region. As these tenure
types change, problems of a cultural, economic, and legal nature
are created and interact with...
This paper reviews techniques that have been used to estimate bark growth, upper stem bark thickness, and bark volume. Two new equation forms have been developed and tested for estimating upper stem bark thickness using,as an example, data from Sitka spruce (Picea
Sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.) in southeast Alaska.
Many of the natural resource problems facing man in the present
era are so large and complicated that no one discipline provides an
adequate approach for their solutions. As an example, the relationships
of man to the land resource base can best be understood when
they are considered holistically rather...
In recent years, studies indicate that the second formant
of normal speech contains the majority of the information necessary
for speech intelligibility. This thesis presents a system to
translate the second formant frequencies to within a more adequate
hearing range of the partially deaf.
The digital speech translator, DISTRAN, utilizes...
The extent of the competitive effect of wild oats on winter wheat
yield was estimated in field studies on three commercial wheat farms in
the Willamette Valley. The morphological development of the wild oat
plants was also documented.
Wild oats were removed from stands of wheat in six different treatments;...