A mathematical model is developed for the analysis of circular
cell bulkheads subjected to gravity loads of cell fill, backfill, lateral
pressure, and surcharge load using the finite element method. The
finite element circular cell model consists of axisymmetric triangular
and/or quadrilateral ring elements for soil and cylindrical shell elements...
Large-scale experiments on circular model cell bulkheads were
conducted to define the distribution of hoop stresses, deflections of
the cells, distortion of the cell fill, ultimate overturning resistance,
and the critical mode of failure. The embedment depth of the model
cells was varied to investigate the effect of embedment on...
A single cell in a 12 cell bulkhead was instrumented to observe
its behavior and confirm design assumptions during construction.
Vibrating wire strain gages were employed to measure horizontal
strains in sheetpiling webs. These were converted to interlock
force at eight locations and three elevations around the cell. The