Swiss needle cast (SNC) is a disease specific to Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) caused by the ascomycete Phaeocryptopus gaeumannii. Here we examine characteristics of the EM fungus community that are potentially useful in predictive models that would monitor forest health. We found that mean EM density (number of colonized root tips/soil...
Six species of Cystangium, a genus of
sequestrate taxa related to Russula, were collected
in Patagonia (Argentina and Chile) during autumn
2001. Two species, C. depauperatum Singer & A.H.
Sm. and C. nothofagi (E. Horak) Trappe, Castellano &
T. Lebel, were already known from this region, while
four new species,...
Rhizopogon subgenus Villosuli are the only
members of the genus known to form an ectomycorrhizal
relationship exclusively with Pseudotsuga. The
specificity of this host relationship is unusual in that
Rhizopogon is broadly associated with several tree
genera within the Pinaceae and relationships with a
host genus are typically distributed across...
Epichloë typhina, a fungal endophyte of
cool season grasses, is heterothallic and an obligate
out-crosser. In areas of endemism, its spermatia are
moved between stromata of the two opposite mating
types through egg-laying activities of Botanophila flies.
In western Oregon, where the fungus was inadvertently
introduced into seed-production fields of...
An abundant fruiting of a black morel was encountered in temperate northwestern New South Wales (NSW), Australia, during a mycological survey in Sep 2010. The site was west of the Great Dividing Range in a young, dry sclerophyll forest dominated by Eucalyptus and Callitris north of Coonabarabran in an area...
A programming paradigm can be defined as a model or an approach employed
in solving a problem. The results of the research described in this document demonstrate
that it is possible to unite several different programming paradigms into a
single linguistic framework. The imperative, procedural, applicative, lambda-free,
relational, logic and...
Collaborative management of subsistence fisheries in the Philippines requires policies that devolve authority to the local level. This involves creating mechanisms to hold managers accountable for creating opportunities for active participation by fisher folk communities. The Philippines has created a comprehensive national framework for the co-management of coastal resources at...
Upper Klamath Lake in south central Oregon annually experiences intense
blooms of cyanobacteria, primarily Aphanizomenon flos-aquae. Domination of the
lake phytoplankton community by this single species regularly results in drastic
changes to water quality. Photosynthetic activity of such extensive populations can
result in pH over 10. Blooms typically expire in...
Csanady (1998) presents solutions for time-dependent wind-driven flow in a barotropic
coastal ocean. We disagree with two of his three boundary condition options and wish to
clarify the origin of the non-wavelike aspect of the flow