T cells are one of the key cells in the immune system. Although they are
not the first line of defense against a pathogen, their functions can greatly enhance
the phagocytosis and destruction of pathogens as well as the development of
antibody responses. Furthermore, even when responding T cells have...
Contemporary stream restoration efforts increasingly prioritize restoring natural stream processes to regain lost ecosystem functions. Stage 0 stream restoration resets disturbed, channelized streams to a theoretical pre-disturbance state (“stage zero”). It is assumed that this valley-scale restoration/disturbance will restore natural abiotic and biotic processes, leading to greater primary and secondary...
Current oil production technologies recover only about one‐third to one‐half of the oil
originally present in an oil reservoir. Given current oil prices, even a modest increase in oil recovery efficiency is fiscally attractive. One novel approach to increase oil recovery
efficiency is a process called microbial enhanced oil recovery...
Freshwater rearing is a critical period in the life cycle of anadromous salmonids, known to produce carry-over effects mediating long-term growth and survival. Freshwater growth is primarily determined by food availability and temperature. While many species of salmon rear in freshwater for a full year or longer, most trophic ecology...
The effects of five cytokinin antagonists on the growth
of cytokinin-autonomous lines of Phaseolus lunatus cv.
Kingston, Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Great Northern, and
Nicotiana tabacum cv. Wisconsin 38 callus tissues have been
compared. The antagonists tested included four N⁴-substituted 4-amino-2-methylthiopyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines
bearing the following N⁴ side chains, 4-n-pentyl-
(ms²pnN⁴Prp), 4-n-hexyl- (ms²HxN⁴Prp),...
Climate change is a global phenomenon, but natural selection occurs within landscapes. A central tenet of landscape ecology is that mobile species depend on complementary habitats, which are insufficient in isolation, but combine to support animals through the full annual cycle. For coldwater fishes, it is widely assumed that maximum...
The ability of N,N'-diphenylurea (DPU) to substitute for cytokininactive
adenine derivatives in promoting callus growth of Phaseolus lunatus
and Nicotiana tabacum has been examined. In general, DPU stimulated
callus growth of P. lunatus at high concentrations and the growth of
most callus tissues was irregular, while the response of tobacco...
Cytokinin oxidase activity in callus tissues of
Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Great Northern has been examined
using an assay based on the oxidation of radioactively
labeled N⁶ -(Δ² -isopentenyl) adenine (i⁶Ade) to adenine
(Ade). Conditions for the quantitative extraction and
assay of the enzyme have been established. The substrate