Bacteriophage T4 gene 42 encodes dCMP hydroxymethylase, an
enzyme unique to the deoxyribonucleotide metabolism of T-even
bacteriophages. To study biochemical and biophysical properties of
the enzyme, as well as the interaction of dCMP hydroxymethylase with
other DNA precursor biosynthetic enzymes in vitro, availability of large
amounts of the enzyme is...
Imbalanced deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate (dNTP) pools are mutagenic for DNA synthesis in both intact cells and cell-free replication systems. Almost certainly, such mutagenesis involves competition between correctly and incorrectly base-paired precursors at replication sites. However, there are certain differences between the intact cell and cell-free systems that do not always allow...
A crucial factor in determining the accuracy of DNA replication is
maintenance of a balanced supply of deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates
(dNTPs) at replication forks. Perturbation of dNTP biosynthesis can
induce dNTP pool imbalance with deleterious genetic consequences,
including increased mutagenesis, recombination, chromosomal
abnormalities and cell death. Using the T4 bacteriophage system,...
Although the Escherichia coli host has almost all of the enzymes necessary to
synthesize nucleotides needed for bacteriophage T4 DNA replication, phage genes
expressed early in infection encode enzymes for de novo DNA precursor biosynthesis
and salvage from degraded host DNA. Eight early enzymes and two host enzymes
Ribonucleotide reductase is an important enzyme in the control of
DNA replication within the cell. Ribonucleotide reductase exerts its
control through enzymatic reduction of nucleoside diphosphates. The
bacteriophage T4 enzyme is an example of the class of iron-requiring
reductases which also includes E. coli and mammalian ribonucleotide
reductases. The two...
The ability to faithfully replicate DNA is dependent upon the maintenance
and regulation of its precursors, the deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates.
Enzymes encoded by the bacteriophage T4 have been widely used as models
of biochemical processes. A body of evidence supports the concept that the
bacteriophage T4 enzymes involved in deoxyribonucleotide biosynthesis...