Four winter and four spring barley cultivars along with their F₁
hybrids were grown on the Hyslop Agronomy Farm near Corvallis, Oregon,
a high rainfall site (over 1000 mm annually) located in the Willamette
Valley. The experiment consisted of four replications. Ten seeds of
each F₁ and parents were seeded...
The purpose of this study was to determine the amount of
heterosis in three complex traits in barley and to investigate the
concept of component interaction as a means of producing heterosis.
The complex traits were grain yield, total leaf area, and malting
Seven varieties of spring barley were...
The effect of heterozygosity on the phenotypic stabilities of six
morphological plant characteristics was studied in hybrid crosses of
two self-pollinated barley species Hordeum vulgare L., emend Lam.
and Hordeum distichum L., emend Lam. Experimental material
consisting of parents and their F₁ diallel progeny were grown at two
Higher grain yield is a key objective in barley (Hordeum vulgare. L) breeding.
Despite extensive research on the genetics of yield and its components, selection for
yield per se is still the most extensively employed because of negative relationships
among components, modest correlations between yield and any particular component,
Wild barley (Hordeum vulgare subsp. spontaneum) could be a source of useful
genes for improving cultivated barley. The useful genes present in Hordeum
vulgare subsp. spontaneum may be new alleles at described loci, or these may be
entirely new genes in the sense that there is limited allelic variation at...
Hill plots and near infrared reflectance (NIR) spectroscopy were
investigated as breeding tools to facilitate doubled haploid recurrent
selection for malting quality characters in spring barley. Main
objectives of this research were to i) compare hill and row plot
expression of agronomic and malting quality traits in an array of...
Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is one of the oldest known domesticated crops. Originally cultivated for human consumption, other end-uses have gained importance over the millennia. Barley is the fourth most important cereal crop in the world (FAO-STAT, 2011), and today it is mainly used as animal feed or malted for...
This research was undertaken to provide barley growers, processors, and consumers with quality food barley. Because all currently available varieties of food barley are of spring growth habit, the first phase of the research involved agronomic assessment of these varieties under Oregon conditions. Because winter barley usually yields more than...
This thesis consists of three manuscripts addressing separate components of barley breeding, plus an introduction and a conclusion summarizing the status of barley in the Pacific Northwest, plus the implications of the research presented in this thesis. In the first manuscript, a package written for the statistical software "R" that...