An analytical two-layer model consisting of a time-dependent stratified
boundary layer topped by stratified free flow is developed in order
to study atmospheric boundary layer production of vertical motion. To
avoid use of a constant eddy viscosity, the boundary layer equations are
layer-integrated over a fixed depth, and surface stress...
A shallow convection scheme is derived from several data sets
(BOMEX, GATE, AMTEX, BLX83) and developed for the OSU 1-D boundary
layer model. Results of the model structure and characteristics of
the saturation point (SP) profile are compared against the constant
cloud diffusivity scheme of Tiedtke (1983) and the ECMWF...
Weak-wind flow in the nocturnal boundary is one of the most poorly understood problems in the field of meteorology. The understanding of weak-wind flows is essential for the improvement of regulatory dispersion models which are currently rendered invalid under weak-wind conditions and stable stratification. Recently there have been increased efforts...
This thesis examines the mechanisms that couple the monthly-averaged
atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) to open-ocean sea surface temperature (SST)
perturbations on scales of 50-500 km. The observed positive correlation between
surface wind speed anomalies and SST anomalies is successfully simulated using
the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model.
Eight years (1980-87) of twice-daily high-resolution radiosonde data from
a tropical mid-Pacific island station are analyzed to generate time series of the
planetary boundary layer (PBL) top pressure, an ageostrophic parameter (related to
the divergence), and a parameter of mean PBL specific humidity. Sample spectra
of these time series are...
The very stable boundary layer is a region of the atmosphere typified by large
vertical gradients of temperature and momentum. Analysis of very stable atmospheric
flows is complicated by the presence of nonlinear interactions among gravity waves, shear-driven
overturning circulations, two-dimensional vortical modes and intermittent turbulence
in various stages of...
The numerical modeling of motions in the atmosphere's
planetary boundary layer (PBL) is a challenging task. In
general, the boundary layer interacts with both the overlying
atmosphere and the underlying land or water surface
in a complex manner. Random turbulence is also present in
the PBL which precludes exact prediction...