Under what circumstances and in what ways can public participation be utilized in managing Finland's
national forests? In the first chapter, a framework for answering this question is set by analyzing Finnish
legal, cultural, historical and political background. The frame defines the Finnish Forest and Park
Service's (FPS) decision making...
Students often have difficulty completing their college
education. Some leave during their freshmen year, others
later in their careers. Many factors contribute to the
decision to withdraw, often relating to the individual
student, or the institution. Literature indicates that the
decision to withdraw is frequently based on student involvement.
Part of the Mexican system of forest management is based on the "Unidades Industriales de Explotacion Forestal" (UIEF). An economic analysis based on the
profitability of the forest under different alternatives was performed to evaluate the efficiency of the UIEF's system of forest management using Pinus hartwegii growing
In the past 3-5 years, two federal agencies, the Forest Service (FS) and the National Park Service (NPS), have initiated pilot programs in concessioner-operation of developed-site government recreation facilities, specifically family campgrounds and related facilities. These programs have been generally successful by agency measure, and consequently, both agencies have modified...
The fundamental aim of this study was to determine how Malaysians define both leisure
and recreation. Two ethnic groups, Chinese and Malays, and rural and urban variants of these
groups were included in the sample. The other objective was to determine if there were differences
in the definitions due to...
The concept of marketing, with its primary focus on
meeting customer needs, is being adopted by federal agencies
such as the U.S. Forest Service who are in the business of
providing, among other things, recreation opportunities for
their visiting public. Although not a new concept, the
notion of applying marketing...
Recreation opportunity planning, including use of the recreation
opportunity spectrum (ROS), was developed to aid land managers in
inventorying, classifying, and managing outdoor recreation resources
within an overall planning framework. This planning concept, which
combines physical, managerial, and social setting characteristics
into an array of recreation opportunities ranging from primitive...
Managing near-urban forests is a challenge because
people living nearby care about these places and often
express their concerns. The near-urban forest
situation alerts us that there is a need for an
approach to land use planning and management which
deals with the multiplicity of values expressed by the