The Natural Earth projection is a new projection for representing the entire Earth on small-scale maps. It was designed in Flex Projector a specialized software application that offers a graphical approach for the creation of new projections. The original Natural Earth projection defines the length and spacing of parallels in...
In this paper "map complexity" refers to the inherent
intricacy of a mapped geographic pattern. Map complexity and sample
size are two variables shown to influence the accuracy of
interpolated dasymetric maps.
An automated experiment was designed to investigate the
precise relationship among map complexity, sample size, and the
Illuminated contour lines, where line width and color are varied based on an angle of illumination, date back to the mid-nineteenth century, but their effectiveness compared to conventional contour lines has not been fully examined. Currently, illuminated contour lines are not widely used in computer-based cartography because they are not...
The major considerations for acquiring and using a
geographic information system (G..I.S.) for regional or national
geographical research and analysis are examined in this paper.
After defining what a G.I.S. is, some of the more practical and
useful functions of a G.I.S. in day-to--day geographical work are
outlined. Finally, the...
GIScience (geographic information science) is a scholarly discipline that addresses
fundamental issues surrounding the use of a variety of digital technologies to handle
geographic information; namely, information about places, activities, and phenomena on
and near the surface of the Earth that are stored in maps or images. GIScience includes
The purpose of this paper is to describe the
application of expert system concepts to cartographic
problems. Expert systems, a subfield of artificial
intelligence, are computer programs based on knowledge and
symbolic reasoning. The basic principles of expert systems
will be explained. Areas of cartography that are most
The Roger Revelle Commemorative Lecture Series was created by the Ocean Studies Board of the National Academies in honor of Roger Revelle to highlight the important links between ocean sciences and public policy. Dawn J. Wright, the eighteenth annual lecturer, spoke on April 28, 2017, at the Smithsonian National Museum...
The purpose of the Surveying and Mapping Conference was to provide both technical information and a forum for discussion of surveying problems common to the engineer, surveyor, technician, and student. Without a growing fund of general knowledge, no profession can expect for long to survive. Conference papers contribute to the...
The field of geography has been transformed in recent years through the use of spatial tools such as geographic information systems (GIS) satellite and acoustic remote sensing, the global positioning system (GPS), Internet mapping and more. Studying geography and earth science in the digital age now requires a sophisticated and...