Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) and yellow starthistle (Centaurea
soistitialis L.) have invaded over 3 million ha of grasslands in the western U.S.
Future management will require an understanding of the conditions,
mechanisms, and processes which control species dominance, community
dynamics, and desirable plant establishment in these alien dominated annual
Centaurea solstitialis L. (yellow starthistle) and C. × moncktonii Britt. (meadow knapweed) are members of the genus Centaurea in the Asteraceae family. Both species have become serious management concerns as invasive species in North America, often displacing native vegetation and costing land managers millions of dollars to eradicate. Seven plants...