Thermal decomposition of several di-p-toluenesulfonylhydrazones
was studied. It was found that the carbene decomposition
of tetramethyl-1,3-cyclobutanedione, di-p-toluenesulfonylhydrazone
gave two products resulting from
rearrangement. One was identified as 2,5-dimethyl-1,3,4-hexatriene. A tentative structure for the second was
proposed. During the course of the study, a more convenient
procedure for thermal decompositions was...
Cyclopropylcyclobutene was prepared via the intermediate
dicyclopropylcarbinyl carbene which was generated by the thermal
decomposition of the sodium salt of dicyclopropylketone p-toluenesulfonylhydrazone.
The successive thermal isomerization of cyclopropylcyclobutene
to 2-cyclopropyl-1, 3-butadiene and to vinylcyclopentene
was studied. Kinetic data were obtained for the cyclopropylcyclobutene
to 2-cyclopropyl-1, 3-butadiene isomerization in the gas...
This dissertation is separated into two parts according to the two major distinct research projects. In Part I, the full account of synthetic studies toward C10-functionalized lycopodium alkaloids is described. In Part II, the detailed discussion on the exploration of the Pummerer cyclization methodology and its application to the total...
Sources of polar/water-soluble organic compounds conjunctly with apolar
biomarkers were characterized in natural organic matter. This multi-biomarker
approach was accomplished by a simple analytical method consisting of extraction
with dichloromethane:methanol (2:1, v/v), silylation and analysis by gaschromatography-
mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Polar and apolar biomarkers, derived
mainly from higher plants and...
Intimate associations with reactive metal species permanently protect soil organic matter (SOM) from microbial access and oxidation, contributing to the build-up of organic carbon (C) stocks in soils. It is increasingly recognized, however, that such associations can be reversible and that reactive metal species might even facilitate the oxidation of...
Irradiation of a tryptamine linked through its side-chain nitrogen to an alkylidene malonate residue results in an intramolecular [2 + 2] cycloaddition to the indole 2,3-double bond. The resultant cyclobutane undergoes spontaneous retro-Mannich fission to produce a spiro[indoline-3,3-pyrrolenine] with relative configuration defined by the orientation of substituents in the transient...
Sensory properties of four important volatile sulfur compounds, dimethyl disulfide (DMDS), diethyl disulfide (DEDS), methanethiol (MeSH) and ethanethiol (EtSH), were determined in base Oregon Pinot noir wine in order to understand their impacts on wine aroma. Detection thresholds of these four compounds in base wine were determined first. All four...
It is often perceived that late maturity of grape gives a more complex aroma
profile to Pinot noir wine, however, there is little understanding of the basic flavor
chemistry of grape maturity on wine aroma. The aroma contributing compounds in
Pinot noir were first identified by aroma extract dilution analysis...