Task-set inhibition has been proposed to be an important mechanism for cognitive control in task switching. Its existence is supported largely by the observation of the N-2 repetition cost (e.g., A-B-A is slower than C-B-A). Many studies have reported an N-2 repetition cost, but several have not. Because of the...
Although the question of free will has persisted throughout the history of philosophy as an important metaphysical consideration, rarely does the inquiry include empirical evidence from other disciplines concerned with human behavior. In this interdisciplinary paper, I combine the wisdom of psychologists, metaphysicians, and philosophers of science to comment on...
Research studies indicated that differences in cognitive
processing style influence individual behavior on various types of
tasks. This study investigated the effect of the cognitive style
dimension, field independence-dependence, on the metacognitive
functioning of individuals involved in three problem tasks which
varied in inherent structure.
Twenty-six subjects were randomly selected...
Historically, Native American students have not
achieved academic success; ethnic and racial stereotypes
are common explanations for the problem. Many perceive
the Native American student to be lacking either
academic preparation or socio-cultural support for
A review of the literature showed emerging research
which indicates that significant differences can...
The research analyzed the relationship between the preferred cognitive learning
style of field independence/field dependence and success in learning English as a
second language (ESL) among post-secondary Japanese students. The study provided a
review of literature in the field and developed a methodology including identification of
appropriate measurement instruments. The...