A high resolution stratospheric version of the NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM2) with an annual cycle was used to simulate the global transport and dispersion of the Pinatuboa aerosol cloud. A passive tracer was injected into the model stratosphere over the Philippines Islands on model day June15, and the transport...
The influence of irregular terrain on the evolution of the daytime
planetary boundary layer (PBL) and meso-β scale dry circulations is
studied using two three-dimensional hydrostatic σ-coordinate models
with different approaches for the PBL parameterizations; the 4-layer
model uses the mixed-layer (bulk-layer) approach, while the 7-layer
model adopts the eddy-diffusivity...
This document provides definitions and a general overview of streams and lakes of San Juan County (SJC) and then describes impacts to these water bodies and strategies for determining widths of buffers that protect their functions. It similarly provides definitions and a general overview of SJC upland (terrestrial) habitats, describes...
What affects the oceans affects terra firma. Ocean Solutions, Earth Solutions gathers the insights of more than 50 ocean and coastal science researchers exploring ocean components and their relationships, patterns, and trends over time and space. The book's 16 chapters feature geographic information system (GIS) best practices and include additional...
The very stable boundary layer is a region of the atmosphere typified by large
vertical gradients of temperature and momentum. Analysis of very stable atmospheric
flows is complicated by the presence of nonlinear interactions among gravity waves, shear-driven
overturning circulations, two-dimensional vortical modes and intermittent turbulence
in various stages of...
The influence of boundary layer pumping on an externally-forced
synoptic-scale flow is examined. The results follow earlier theories of
stratified incompressible Boussinesq flow. These theories state that
the spin-down time scale and the penetration depth of the influence of
boundary layer pumping are inversely proportional to the stratification
Two studies were conducted involving rare earth elements. In the
first study, the use of rare earth diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid
(DTPA) complexes as stable actiable tracers, a method of stable-isotope
tracing with post-sampling neutron activation analysis, was explored.
The persistence of rare earth DTPA complexes in estuarine waters was
The numerical modeling of motions in the atmosphere's
planetary boundary layer (PBL) is a challenging task. In
general, the boundary layer interacts with both the overlying
atmosphere and the underlying land or water surface
in a complex manner. Random turbulence is also present in
the PBL which precludes exact prediction...
High resolution data of moisture, temperature and wind velocity
collected by aircraft during the 1975 Air Mass Transformation
Experiment (ANTEX '75) provide information for detailed investigations
of the phenomena occurring at the top of a cloud-topped mixed
Joint frequency diagrams of humidity and temperature reveal that
for parts of...
This study of the fortnightly Mf tide comprises three main topics: (1) a new determination of the fortnightly component of polar motion and length of day (LOD) from a multidecade time-series of observed space-geodetic data; (2) the use of the polar motion determination as one constraint in the development of...