Since the seventies, the Malagasy fishery sector management has been
oriented by three paradigms: development, rationalization (looking for
economic efficiency) and attempts of sustainable development (to reconcile
economic, social and conservation goals). The institutional and legal frame
of the marine sector has been characterized by many transformations linked
Species conservation depends on robust population assessment. Data on population abundance, distribution, and connectivity are critical for effective management, especially as baseline information for newly documented populations. I describe a pygmy blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda) population in New Zealand waters with year-round presence that overlaps with industrial activities. This...