Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) forest residues were physically fractionated through sieving. The bark and wood were separated for large-sized fractions (>12.7 mm), and their contents were determined. The chemical compositions of the large fractions were calculated based on the contents and chemical compositions of the bark and wood. The chemical compositions...
Forest harvest residues can be a cost-effective feedstock for a biorefinery, but the high
lignin content of forest residues is a major barrier for enzymatic sugar production. Sulfite
pretreatment to overcome strong recalcitrance of lignocelluloses (SPORL) was applied to a
Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb) Franco var. menziesii) forest residue in...
We examined two case studies to demonstrate the advantages of sulfite chemistry for pretreating underutilized woody biomass to produce sugars through enzymatic saccharification. In the first case study, we evaluated knot rejects from a magnesium-based sulfite mill for direct enzymatic sugar production. We found that the sulfite mill rejects are...
This study demonstrated at the pilot-scale (50 kg) use of Douglas-fir forest harvest residue, an underutilized
forest biomass, for the production of high titer and high yield bioethanol using sulfite chemistry
without solid–liquor separation and detoxification. Sulfite Pretreatment to Overcome the Recalcitrance
of Lignocelluloses (SPORL) was directly applied to the...
The dihydrofolate reductase gene of bacteriophate T4
has been investigated at the structural level to elucide the
unusual regulation of expression of this gene and possible
evolutionary relationships between the ohage and drug resistance
factors-encoded dihydrofolate reductases (DHFR).
A 1.1-kilobase-pair restriction fragment of the T4
multiple mutant dec8 containing frd,...