Riparian vegetation (trees > 10 cm dbh), woody debris (> 10 cm diam, > 1 m long), channel, and landform characteristics were inventoried in mature (80-150 yrs) and old-growth riparian areas (>250 yrs) selected from small tributaries of the Coos and Coquille River basins in southwestern Oregon. Basal area of...
The Willamette River flows north between the Cascade Mountains and Coast Range of western Oregon within a 29,728-km² basin. The fish community in the geologically young basin consists of 36 native species, but introductions of non-native fishes have added 33 additional species for a total of 69 fish species. During...
Research conducted on humpback whitefish Coregonus pidschian in the Copper River Delta, Alaska has revealed a complex life history involving seasonal migrations and the occupation of a variety of freshwater and marine habitats including lacustrine, riverine, estuarine, and marine. Forty-five whitefish were tagged with radio transmitters in 2006 and 2007,...
This study examined the distribution and behavior of adult spring chinook salmon
(Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) related to patterns of stream temperature and physical
habitat at channel unit, reach, and basin-wide spatial scales in both a wilderness stream
and a disturbed stream in the John Day River basin in northeastern Oregon. Thermal...
Species associations of fifteen major commercial groundfish species in the
northeastern Pacific ocean and their spatial and temporal characteristics were studied
using Oregon bottom trawl logbook data, 1987 to 1993. Screening procedures were used
to remove questionable data from the original logbook files, which resulted in the
exclusion of information...
Salmonid populations in the Pacific Northwest are at historic lows and many
populations continue to decline. Previous studies have linked salmonid declines to land
use through degradation of in-stream physical habitat, but few of these studies have taken
geology into consideration. This study relates habitat parameters known to be important...
Recognizing the importance of native black cottonwood-dominated riparian
forests is especially important to preserve, protect, and manage for biodiversity in
the Willamette River Valley. Species composition, structure, and biomass along a
successional gradient from stand initiation to late succession of black cottonwood
(Populus balsamfera L. subsp. trichocarpa (T. & G.)...
I examined hydrological and plant community changes associated with the
implementation of a restoration management plan in two riparian meadows
located within an agricultural landscape of the central Willamette Valley, Oregon.
I established exclosure fencing (a form of passive restoration) in one agricultural
field and established fencing and plugged a...
Land use alters the physical and biological structure of stream ecosystems and potentially alters their capacity to process nitrogen (N), an essential nutrient that has nearly doubled in abundance on the biosphere
during the past century from human activities. In this dissertation, I quantified uptake and transformation of nitrate (NO₃⁻)...
I compared hand sampling, two-pass multiple removal sampling, mark-recapture
and catchability-based population estimates for the Pacific giant
salamander (Dicamptodon tenebrosus) at 22 sites in 11 streams of Cascade
Mountains of Oregon. Mark-recapture and catchability-based population estimates
were not significantly different (p 0.86). Hand sampling and two-pass multiple
removal population estimates...