Nailed connections have nonlinear load-displacement
relations. Modeling these connections in an assembled
structure would require a great amount of computational time
because of the large number of degrees of freedom.
Replacing these connections with energetically-equivalent
nonlinear springs reduces the number of degrees of freedom,
and leads to computational efficiency in...
Timber harvesting practices can increase fine sediment inputs to streams due to increased hillslope soil erosion and mass wasting of roads, hillslopes, and stream channels. Excessive fine sediment depositions have been shown to impact aquatic ecosystems, fish habitat, and downstream community water supply. Despite these deleterious impacts, the influence of...
Oregon’s forested coastal watersheds support important cold-water fisheries of salmon
and steelhead (Oncorhynchus spp.) as well as forestry-dependent local economies. Riparian
timber harvest restrictions in Oregon and elsewhere are designed to protect stream habitat
characteristics while enabling upland timber harvest. We present an assessment of riparian
leave tree rule effectiveness...
A replicated before–after-control-impact study was used to test effectiveness of Oregon’s (USA) riparian
protection measures at minimizing increases in summer stream temperature associated with timber harvest.
Sites were located on private and state forest land. Practices on private forests require riparian management
areas around fish-bearing streams; state forest’s prescriptions are...
Jeremiah D. Groom (Corresponding author) 3
204 Peavy Hall 4
Department of Forest Engineering, Resources
This study explores how environmental governance mechanisms affect state management of forest roads to address the chronic delivery of sediment to streams in Oregon, Washington, and California on private and state forestlands. Forest roads can degrade water quality and harm aquatic life when runoff mobilizes fine sediments from the road...
Workers in colonies of European honey bees Apis mellifera L. clean their
nestmate's body by allogrooming behavior. This behavior may be initiated by
either grooming dancers or by the allogroomers themselves. The first occurs
less frequently (ca. 17 %) than the later (83 %). By using the inner edge of...
We investigated 32 net primary productivity (NPP) models by assessing skills to reproduce integrated NPP in the Arctic Ocean. The models were provided with two sources each of surface chlorophyll-a concentration (chlorophyll), photosynthetically available radiation (PAR), sea surface temperature (SST), and mixed-layer depth (MLD). The models were most sensitive to...
An Expert Panel convened by the National Lipid Association previously developed a consensus set of recommendations for the patient-centered management of dyslipidemia in clinical medicine (part 1). These were guided by the principle that reducing elevated levels of atherogenic cholesterol (non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol) reduces the risk...
*, Kevin C. Maki, PhD, Carl E. Orringer, MD, Peter H. Jones, MD,
Penny Kris-Etherton, PhD, Geeta Sikand, MA
The primary purpose of this investigation was to characterize
the lipids of the spores and vegetative cells of Cl. botulinum. A
second purpose was to explore the possibility that lipids might serve
as a means of differentiating the chiefly proteolytic Cl. botulinum
type B from the nonproteolytic Cl. botulinum types...