The purposes of the study were to: 1) evaluate health knowledge competencies,
2) assess health skills, and 3) determine interrelationships among health knowledge,
health skills, and self-reported behavioral demographic variables for Oregon
entry-level college freshmen who had graduated from Oregon schools. An instrument,
the "Health Education Survey," was developed with...
As college students transition to life away from their parental home, the need to make independent decisions regarding their eating and exercise behaviors is evident. This life transition may be a critical period for establishment of long term behavior patterns with potential impact on health, disease and weight balance. This...
Optimal aging is strongly related to personality factors along with health-behavior habits. Personality has played a key role in understanding the interactions between human behavior and the environment and as a vital predictor in determining health outcomes of individuals. Although previous studies have found links between personality traits and health,...
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between stress, health, and health behaviors. The population for the study was made up of 231 full-time employees from Eastern Montana College. The subjects completed the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS), the Seriousness of Illness Scale (SIRS), the La Crosse...
Despite recognition in the literature that adolescence
represents a relatively high-risk developmental period for
health-risk behaviors, only limited attention has been given
to the subjective meanings adolescents assign to such
behaviors. One potentially fruitful avenue to explore in
understanding the adolescent perspective on health-risk
behaviors is the use of word...
Sell-determination theory suggests that social contexts that promote a sense
of autonomy, competence, and relatedness will increase internalization of
behavioral regulation and lead to more self-determined forms of motivation, the
prototype of which is intrinsic motivation. A positive relationship between
internalization of exercise behavior regulation and actual levels of exercise...
Greater degrees of insulin resistance are associated with increased rates of
coronary artery disease (CAD) progression. However, the specific behavioral
determinants of insulin resistance are not well known in patients with CAD. Although
abdominal obesity contributes to insulin resistance, the extent to which abdominal obesity
may modify the relationship between...
Health care providers, including complementary and alternative medical (CAM)
practitioners, exert a significant influence on parental pediatric vaccination decisions.
Use of CAM therapies is increasing in Oregon. Concomitantly, there has been a
decade-long increase in parental vaccine refusal in Oregon, rising from 1 to 5 percent
from 2000-2009. For example,...
This study examined the behaviors relating to the utilization
of prescription and over-the-counter medications in a small group
of elderly subjects in the 65 years and over age range. This group
was attending an Elderhostel at Western Oregon State College
during the summer of 1991, when the information was obtained....
One in four Ecuadorians do not have access to health services; while more than two-thirds have no health insurance and insufficient resources to pay for the health care services they might require. The following three studies examined utilization of health care services using Andersen’s Health Care Utilization Behavior Theory. Secondary...