This is the first study to explore the ability of an enzyme to recognize and repair
spontaneous age-dependent damage to its own sequence. Protein (D-aspartyl/L-isoaspartyl)
carboxyl methyltransferase (PCM) is known to repair damage that arises
from a spontaneous isomerization of aspartyl and asparaginyl residues in other proteins
during aging. As...
Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) has been determined to be a risk factor for various forms of human cancer. PAH DNA adducts have been shown to cause mutations, but carcinogenesis is also accompanied by alterations in gene expression. Inhibiting individual cytochrome P450s could clarify the interaction...
Electron-biomolecule interactions are a biologically relevant field of study
because there are several ion fragmentation techniques that have come to the forefront
in mass spectrometric analysis that involve the interaction of charged peptides and
free electrons. By studying the electron energies that cause fragmentation in neutral
amino acids, amino acid...
The adenovirus replication origins reside in the inverted terminal
repetition (ITR) sequences. Replication proceeds unidirectionally by a
strand-displacement mechanism from either or both origins to produce
duplex daughter DNA plus a displaced parental strand. The displaced
strand can be duplicated by two different routes. The cis pathway involves
The work in this thesis has provided conclusive genetic evidence
that "panhandle" intermediates form during adenovirus replication.
Adenovirus chromosomes lacking 51 by from their left -hand termini
are infectious and capable of regenerating the missing origin
sequence. Yet if an entire inverted terminal repeat is removed, the
adenovirus chromosome is...
The aim of this study was to gain more information about the
interactions between DNA and the histone octamer during the
process of transcription. This work used a pUC8 plasmid derivative
that contained the core promoter region of the RNA polymerase I of
Acanthamoeba castellanii, placed upstream of four repeats...