The location of prune dwarf virus (PDV) and Prunus
necrotic ringspot virus (PNRSV) in pollen and seed
from infected and healthy sweet cherry trees pollinated
with infected pollen was investigated. Virus-like
particles were observed in the cytoplasm of pollen
grains from PDV-infected cherry trees using transmission
electron microscopy. No particles...
A low-energy, low-exposure-rate, guarded-field ionization
chamber system with a sensitive volume of approximately 1040 cm³ and an exposure-rate range from 60 mR/h to less than 0.5 mR/h
was designed, constructed and calibrated. The calibration was
effected by constructing and calibrating a 60 cm³ volume transfer
chamber of similar design against...
An ionization chamber was constructed, using a fiberglass wall
sphere, for the purpose of measuring background radiation. The
system consists of the fiberglass wall chamber, 38.85 liters in
volume, air filled, not sealed, used in conjunction with a precision
capacitor, nulling voltage supply and electrometer. It was calibrated
The objective of this study was to determine the distribution of
leakage radiation from two unshielded diagnostic-type X-ray tube
housings. This information was used to determine the shielding required
in the housings to bring them into compliance with the definition
of a diagnostic-type protective tube housing, as set forth by...
A pulse reader for ionization chambers has been developed,
tested, and calibrated. An insulated gate field effect transistor
(IGFET) was used to detect the pulses and Victoreen Model 362
Pocket Chambers were used as ionization chambers. The energy
dependence of the Victoreen Model 362 Pocket Chamber was determined
The relationship of x-ray tube housing temperature to duty
cycle was studied for a superficial therapy x-ray installation, a
dental radiographic installation, and a rotating-anode medical diagnostic
installation. Thermistors were used to measure the tube
housing temperature at points selected to be representative of
thermal conditions on the surface of...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution
and magnitude of scattered radiation from a typical
mobile radiographic examination as an aid in evaluating
the potential health hazards of the scattered radiation.
Also discussed are current radiation protection standards and
recommendations for mobile radiography.
A Manonite phantom represented...
The purpose of this dissertation was to contribute to deeper understanding of how client’s experience their spirituality and religion during the therapy process. The first manuscript is located in chapter 2 and titled A Qualitative Metasynthesis of Client Experience of Addressing Spirituality and Religion in Counseling. This metasynthesis pools together...
This qualitative study examined the experiences and perceptions of males aged 16 – 19 who did not complete a traditional high school diploma program because of feeling alienated from the school system. Five participants described their school experiences from elementary school through the point in high school when they decided...
A major challenge in ethanol production using lignocellulosic feed stock is
inefficient utilization of hemicellulose, which accounts for 30-40% of lignocellulosic
biomass. Xylose, comprising >60% of recoverable sugars from hemicellulose is a
major product of the hemicellulose hydrolysis. Utilization of this carbon source would
significantly increase the ethanol yield from...