Bioelectric responses from the isolated eye of the purple shore
crab were measured by the electroretinogram with stimulation by
light from wavelengths of 250 to 800 nm, strontium-yttrium-90 beta
radiation, 17.5 keV x-radiation, and 3-cm microwaves.
Peak sensitivities to light stimulation were found at 350 and 500
nm. These peaks...
More than 3700 fertilized toad eggs were used in a series of
studies designed to determine the effects of UV-B radiation (290-
315 nm) on temporal developmental patterns, systematic development
and viability prior to metamorphic climax. The eggs were
exposed to radiation from either "white-light" fluorescent lamps
(Vita-Lite, Duro-Test Corporation,...
The behavioral repertoire of the sea anemone, Anthopleura
xanthogrammica, was investigated to test for the occurrence of any
immediate response to various regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Monochromatic radiations in the visible and ultraviolet spectral
regions were produced by a 150-watt xenon lamp or a ZOO watt mercury
The light-adapted crayfish, Pacifastacus trowbridgii (Stimpson,
1957), displayed a behavioral response to exposure to 300 kV x-rays at
exposure rates of 10 to 30 R/s. Within this range, the proportion
of subjects that responded increased with an increase in exposure
rate. The response latency was inversely proportional to the
Roughskin newts, Taricha granulosa (Skilton), were exposed to
UV-B (280-320nm), UV-A (321-380 nm), and visible radiation from
fluorescent sunlamps (Westinghouse FS40) that were filtered with
cellulose acetate film. UV-B controls were exposed to irradiation
from sunlamps that were filtered with Mylar-D, a polyester film
that effectively absorbed UV-B radiation while...
The rate of the C¹⁴0₂ release from glucose, specifically labeled
with C¹⁴ at 1, 2, 3+4, and positions, was used to study the relative
participation of pathways of glucose catabolism in red beet slices.
Evidence was obtained which indicated that in mature red beets glucose
was catabolized mainly via glycolysis-tricarboxylic...