Two basic approaches to reduce computational requirements for solving
distillation problems have been studied: simplifications of the model based on
physical approximations and order reduction techniques based on numerical
Several problems have been studied using full and reduced-order
techniques along with the following distillation models: Constant Molar
The extraction of pentachlorophenol (PCP) from pressure treated wood
wafers with supercritical carbon dioxide has been studied. Experimental data
were obtained for the effects of pressure (17.5 - 25.0 MPa), temperature (313 - 353
K), flow rate (1 - 3 ml/min at supercritical conditions), and sample size (0.8 x 10...
A review of Single-Input Single-Output Internal Model Control
(IMC) is presented, showing its relationships to the Dahlin
algorithm, PID type controllers for simple models with and without
deadtime and Smith predictor control.
The effect of errors in the time constant and the gain of a
first order model with deadtime...
The temperature-time-location relationships during steam conditioning and pressure
treatment of timber poles have been studied and mathematical models that take into
account both the thermal properties of the poles and the parameters of the treatment
process have been developed. Although much work has been previously done in this
Two approaches to reduce computational requirements for solving reactive
distillation problems have been studied: simplification of the model using physical
assumptions and numerical approximation using an orthogonal collocation technique.
The results of a full-order model with time dependent stage molar holdups was
compared to published steady-state experimental data and was...
A computer assisted design model, developed for
undergraduate students to teach the basic principles of
humidification design, is developed and presented.
Beginning with the development of the differential
equations, the conversion to numerical code is presented,
followed by a series of applications to mechanical draft
in cooling towers, natural draft...
This thesis examines the transient performance of packed bed heat
regenerators when very large temperature differences are involved. The
effects of gas temperature on the key gas physical properties of velocity,
density and heat capacity were studied via simulation.
Three models were developed and compared. The first model