Two studies were conducted to determine the
effects of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and/or selenium (Se)
on the humoral immune response of weaned steers fed
diets deficient in these minerals. Steers were bled
weekly for eight weeks to measure plasma mineral
levels. Humoral immune response was measured as
Three commercial sausage starter cultures were grown in
an internal-pH-controlled medium (PHASE 4) and in a soluble
phosphate-buffered medium. The cultures were tested by
comparing viable counts before and after freezing at -40 C
or freeze-drying and subsequent storage for 3 months in the
frozen or dried state. Strains varied...
Previous studies of bird communities in the mid-Willamette Valley, Oregon, indicated that Oregon white oak (Ouercus garryana) stands supported more cavity-using bird
species than sympatric stands of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii). Mature Oregon oak stands are being harvested and few are regenerating. I compared cavity availability for hole-using fauna among 10...
Triticale, a newly man-made cereal from a wheat-rye cross offers a
unique food and feed potential because of its higher protein content
with nutritionally balanced amino acid composition as compared to other
cereal grains. However, some cereal proteins such as trypsin inhibitors,
present in triticale and rye, can affect the...